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Under the mask of a well researched site, this insults us by including rubbish such as the totally discredited Protocols of Zion. Unbelieveable that such hate is directed to such a small group of people as the Jews less than 20 million. I am amazed how many people think google intentionally gave the site a top ranking.

It's pretty common knowledge that googles systems are automated. You should be directing your ire at the website itself, not search engines that rank it based off of purely objective calculations. My co. This sort of rubbish should not be allowed on Google! Racism in all forms is unacceptable and divisive. I As a jew loved to be watched for all the positive things that we Jews do.

It is terrible that people are allowed to print and publish unpleasant things and untruths about our people. I wonder if this will ever stop. I hope that you do something about putting a stop to those who use your facilities to promote hate. It sites like this that continue to create hate in the world! Is there not enough hate and misunderstanding in the world today? Remove the site NOW!! As the leading search engine Google must take responsibility to ensure that information provided comes from reliable sources, not from biased hate groups.

My Dad had to fight this all his life as a boy and I do not want my grandchildren to have to do the same. I will never google again if this is not removed! I have forwarded this message to everyone I know which includes over who will in turn pass this on. I cannot believe that two very intelligent highly educated developers of Google would allow such lies on their otherwise worthwhile service. Disgusting crap from people filled with jealousy and hate and being uneducated have no other way to speak.

I am familiar for a long time with revisionists' elucubrations. Google should be the first to want to remove this type of hatred-inspired "information" in order to safeguard their own credibility as a trustworthy source.

Please remove this vile, hate-filled, mis-informing and deceitful site from such prominent listing on Google. Google, "Don't be evil". JewWatch is a well-used source of hate "information" for Jew haters of every persuasion. It is disappointing that as trusted a name as Google continues to facilitate access to the filth contained in JewWatch, but I have confidence that a few hours spent in researching the ripples from the JewWatch cesspit across Islamic, far right and far left websites followed by a moment's thought will see at least this matter morally and sensibly resolved.

Dispite our spelling errors on this petition, please take our heartfelt request very seriously. This site is blatantly anti-Semitic. I'm sure you didn't know about this and now that you do, and I do, you'll do the right thing. Thank you. This site is a scurulous anti-semitic attack on Jews worldwide.

It should not be on your search engine except under the heading of hate organizations. It is truly a sad state of affairs that a reputible company such as Google allows such hatred to be displayed with its maximum support. Just heard a song. It was shocking to see that such things are not restricted.

Free speech is great but not when the purpose is to incite riot. This webpage is a reminder that the Holocost was a reality. Please, for the sake of peace remove or chang this page. I like freespeech most of the time. This on the other hand is not freespeech but directed hate at two nations USA and Is. It also gives aid and comfort to the Enemy of freedom and free thinking.

If antisemitic sites are not dealt with by major search engines they are guilty of aiding and abetting these racists. After using Google for years we were shocked that such vicious anti-Semitism is available on this search engine. This guy has the right to say what he believes but why would this come up 1st when you put the word JEW in google search. Absolutely a disgusting and vile site. Full of hate and pure anti-semitism.

I am horrified to see some of the lies being perpetrated here. What makes this particularly dangerous is that some of the people speaking on the videos are congressman and former ambassadors. It is, indeed frightening. Shame on him and shame on this website. I'm Catholic -- I cannot tolerate this kind of hateful writing. There is enough hurt in the world.

Please stop it. Pennypinching big nosed Jews should leave the USA and go back home. This is a vicous attack against jews, if the first thing that came up for "muslim" was anything like this it would be removed instantly! No double standards! This is a hate site not an information on Judaism.

Most other Google searches for similar sites come up with Wikepedia not hate sites. Please remove this site from your list. Three weeks ago my JewsNow. It would be better for your health and enjoyment of life. His blind hatred and shocking ignorance have far surpassed shouting 'fire' in a crowded theatre. Get rid of it. This site promotes pure hatred and is stitched together from regular interviews with knowledgeable people giving reasoned points of view which have been cut to create a virulent anti-semitic presentation.

Obviously the site has to be removed and hopefully banned. Please remove this insesitive and dispicable site from your fine service. The soldiers of this country do not fight and die to have racists try to smear another race. By allowing this site to remain untouched, you are allowing the spread of anti-semitism and to think that we are risking our lives for people like you who want to ruin another human race is horrible. It is incredible that Google has permitted this mendacious Anti Semitic garbage of spewed vemon to soil its sites.

In the name of justice, it must be removed immediately.. Why it's possible to make those things? Nest step will be site that describes that islam is the wonderfull thing and ALL need to be or islamim or dead Vile and disgusting use of the Internet - what on earth does Google think it is doing to allow such offensive rubbish? Shame on Google not to check this type of site and have a policy implemented against this appalling type of rhetoric.

It should not be possible for any person seeking information about Jews to immediately be linked to such an offensively anti-semitic site. I am willing to believe in free speech, but also my choice to no longer use google if such hatred shows up at just a simple search. This page of dysinformation should not be ranked. Travesty of justice. Put energies into respecting and looking after each other-not teaching hatred.

The Jewish Scapegoat is not going to be allowed ever again. Disgusting site with nothing but lies and exagerated lies. Why would Google support such a vehemently antisemetic site? As the no 1 search engine in the world Google should not be a party to spreading worldwide hatred.

It is a terrible day in history when a site like yours use anisemitic remarks. Your site should be absolutely unbias in everything you inform the public. It was very painful to read - in the same way that Islamic anti-Jewish hate speech and writings are - but how can Google be forced to amend or remove?

The claimers must feel and uderstand their their? We are assuming you did not know about this and now that you do you will remove it from the number one site. Completely vile and disgusting. An affront on intelligence. Unbelievable that Google would feature such a site. The "jewwatch" site site violates Google's Webmaster Guidelines, as well as all human deceny. It should be removed immediately. I guess Never Again does not hold too much water, does it?

This is pathetic; and from educated men. So many of his docs are 'why such and such might have happened or might have been Jewish' this 'humble librarian' is not interested in truth whatever he says, he is obsessed and in my opinion somewhatt sick. Has he nothing better to do? Like the Jews don' have enough deractors..

Google, please remove, we know you are not aversed to some censorship, re operations in China. This rubbish should no be given such a wide audience. I protest the fact that a vehemently anti-semitic site or any anti-semitic site appear in google's results for the word "Jew" - particularly on the first page of results!

Jews have had to survive in the most horrible situations and circumstances since Judaism was created. They were persecuited all over the world and almost anialated, slaughtered, hunted down and killed by Gentiles, Muslims and other religious organisations. Just look at history. When people start to use religion as an excuse to blame others for their misfortune - this is a sure way to wars and distruction. It's time to stop blaming and start taking responsablilty of our future - a future without racial preferences, where all people are considered equal, have a right to live happily, in harmony with their neighbours.

Let's stop making the same mistakes like in the past and start creating a better future for this wonderfull earth! I'm not saying that the Librarian's stories are all wrong and of course there are many bad apples in every religion, but we should not single them out, this only causes unnecesary hatred. It's irrelevant if the webmaster has good intentions, the website is de-facto a source of inspiration for would-be suiciders, bombers etc.

Besides that, how could it possibly come out as the first result in google? The Internet is a historically unprecedented manifestation of freedom of speech gone wild. There must be some Google-y algorithmic way to keep sites like these from gaining the free publicity they seek. Google should at least place this low on the google cache and not be assisting antisemitism. GOOGLE should self-censor so as to reject any racist publication, as a matter of principle and as a matter of preserving its image as a responsible world citizen.

This is carrying freedom of speech a mite too far, and this site should be immediately closed down. Google has no obligation to promote hatred. By permitting the JewWatch website to operate on Google, then Google itself is supporting anti-semitism. This is not a political issue on which there can be two sides each right in some way.

This is unacceptable promotion of anti-semtiism.. I am appalled that google could assist in increasing hatred by allowing lies to be spread through their search engine. God says, I will curse them who curse thee, Israel and bless them who bless thee. Cursings to JewWatch. List of Jewish assasins is remarkably short, even for this site.

Google would not provide enough space for a list of Muslim assasins. This site is incredible. In Austria this person would be jailed according to the Austrian legislation against racism and anti-semitism. Dobbs said, "It's a straight forward assault by the elitists"; "it's a stealth agenda by the private corporate elite" and; "it's the surrender of the sovereignty of the United States. Peterson, Ph. The 1st was a public signing of the 'Military Commissions Act of ' which suspended habeas corpus allowing the president to declare you an 'enemy combatant' and end your rights to seek legal or judicial relief from unlawful imprisonment.

In the Jewish Dictionary, "hate" is defined as anything a Jew disagrees with. Why is it that you Jews exploit the entire world for your own benefit, and then have the nerve to always claim victimhood status? And anyone who tries to question your M. You are the manipulative, self-serving, greedy parasites of mankind Hello, we test Your guest book. If our testing delivered inconvenience you, please, write us about it on dick promaild. Whoever was responsible for listing this vicious site on Google is obviously a virulent anti-Semite.

Shame on You! You should know better then that. We went through the Holocaust and now the Terrorism in the world, where people want us all dead, Christian and Jews, because of our freedom believes. And who we are? We are a very large Jewish and Christian community who think different from you. I read your repudiation of the charges of anti-semitism. But you should also refuse to publish obvious lies, prejudicial statements, and hate-inspiring messages. It's amazing such informtion can be obtained over the internet.

Is nothing sacred in this world? I hope Google wll handle this matter the way it should be. When does ignorance stop? It is so easy to read, or hear from a source that has no facts, but infact, only writes and tells of tales that is easy to digest and repeat.

See and hear what is going on in the presence! There are those who have absolutely no respect for human life It's so easy to believe what is fed to us, rather than the truth You own the media. You gag opposition. You deny holocaust deniers the right to present evidence in court because it would deprive you parasites of money and status as the world's professional victims.

You disgust me. You have permission to publish my name ONLY along with this comment in full. This fungus must be removed and cleansed. Too much darkness roams the internet. Frank Weltner and all other Nazi scum and national alliance morons - you idiots had your pathetic ideology crushed over 60 years ago, stop inbreeding and go back under your rocks, or double-wides, to die while the rest of the world continues to evolve.

Half of my mother's and father's families were murdered during the Holocaust. As a secular, non-practising jew I am appalled and saddened that this hatred and falsehoods are being promoted via Google. Please remove this site! Although, his views are highly misguided to say the least. Is this the freedom we have fought to protect? The man belongs in the Gaza heartland. Hate speech must be recognized and called what it is, and must not be permitted to flourish unchecked!

This is absolutely horrible. The creator of Jew watch is absolutely anti-Semitic and the website should be deleted. This person is a virulent anti-Semite. His words are not free speech, they are words of a Nazi hate monger. The website is blatantly racist and promotes lies that encourage a continuation of anti-semetism.

I would like to believe that it was mindless on Google's part but the only way to know is for them to correct it. This site is nothing more than a front for an organized hate group. This moron, Mr. Weltner uses this site as a thinly vailed excuse to promote hate and discourse through absured twisted distortion of truths. Let's make a deal. The latter two are Jewish hate organizations. Jews always seem to define "hate" in ways that benefit their own interests. Why is it that the jew is never the "hater", it's always some other group instead.

Its sick filth and fiction masquerading as historical fact. Ban these peddlars of hate from the internet. The Jew has always been very clever in using his alledged "victim" status to extort vast sums of money from third parties.

JEWS, we see through your facade now I can't believe it. One only has to think of that brave tutor who survived the holocaust and then tried to protect his pupils by using himself as a shield against the door. This was only within the last 48 hours. Jewish people have a proud record of how they have conducted their lives. Attention Jews: Instead of calling those who dislike you "Antisemites", it would be better that you look inward at your own souls and see the repubnant and slimy character that resides within each of yourselves.

That quality which repulses the entire world. In a world increasingly consumed by the effects of hatred, it is time to stand up against anti-Semitism in all its forms. I insist this should be removed rather than depict Jews in this manner making it acceptable to allow antisemitism to grow.

What will you radical ashkenazi jews think up next? More "hate" crimes legislation? The Jew is the cancer and the ultimate destroyer of western civilization. We must ban jewwatch now!!! Those hideous Goyim must never know the truth about their masters!! We use our "Holacaust" racket to make money off of all the wealthy western nations.

We are the Zionist masters Has anyone noticed that the majority of those signing this petition are jews?? Why feel threatened by the presence of jewwatch. It is an archive of articles. Read the material and make up your own mind, don't let the zionist hacks do it for you!!!

How else would we expect individuals propagandized by a jewish owned media and educated in our radicalized jewish dominated public education system to react. Do jews really believe that they can silence any individual or idea just because it is critical of them.

It's just fine for radical zionist organizations like the ADL and others to call groups that disagree with them "hate organizations", as if they are the sole arbiturs of what "hate" is???? Why does Sumner still have a job?? Well, he's a JEW. That's why. It appears that Google participates in anti semetic business practices overseas as well as in the US.

So for them to condone this filthy website makes perfect sense It is Google who should be boycotted. I'm proud of my religion and everything it stands for, This 'glitch' on google needs to be handled!! In Pakistan we truly believe that Jews are very nice, educated and successful people and instead of being jealous one should learn from them. Google should remove this site as it will hurt jews who have already suffered enough. We Pakistanis always considered Jews our Couisons and hope that we have nice relations with Isreal in Future.

Because I am a German citizen I am very concerned about hatred of any people. Except Germans of course,you can hate them all you want. If you dare take it down or out of an indexing service, I will mirror it and re-establsh it. Just because someone has something with some fact, logic and common sense behind it that defeats the stereotype that Jews are perfect, harmless, innocent angels does not mean it should be annihalted.

Anti-Semetism is great, there ought to be alot more of it. You deserve to be exposed for things you have done. Put it this way, if this was an anit-islam site, you jews would all rush to defend and promote it. Just like the Nazis were back in the day. Great going hypocrites. Jew Watch is dangerous in that, at first glance, it masquerades as non-anti-Semitic. But, a few clicks in it becomes clear. It could be a dangerous influence and does not deserve the publicity that Google gives it.

It is really sad for a company that large, supposedly known for their "good" image. For anyone who thinks that removing the site in question from existence should wake the f Antisemitism shouldn't exist anywhere— whether online or anywhere in the world. It's , haven't we learned? Apparently not. I'm 17 years old, I'm from Brazil, and I think racial hate will eventually destroy the world! So, let's stop it! This website is repulsive. It is an abuse of free speech and should not ever be ranked highly in searches for "Jew".

Sites like this breed anti-semitism and add to a relentless anti-Jewish culture that curses the world. A myriad of unsubstantiated, false material that is undeniably rooted in anti-semitism, and not the search for historical truth. I stand amazed at the ability of the human race to stare so intently at countless facts, figures, testimonials, historical archives and existing architecture, and still deny the abundantly prevalent truth. Frankly, many of you are probably not really aware that the "Holocaust" never happened.

Your own leaders want you to think it happened, because this is what has lead to the formation of Isreal. Be thankful that it never did happen, because many people think you deserved to be gassed. Personally I don't care one way or another. No, I don't like jews. I think you people are feeble minded. The average IQ of a person in Isreal is only 90 compared to in Germany.

If you people are removed from European society, techonology and innovation will increase 10 fold. I think the Negroes from America should be deported to Isreal and you can intermarry them. That would be ideal. I can easily imagine the paranoid racist types running it!

There will always be some people that want to blame the Jews for everything. To them the truth is an alien concept and all they have is fear and hate. It must suck to be them. JewWatch is not only a stupid old fashioned racist idea, its misleading. Google should pull the plug on these morons just as a public service. I've seen this guy's posts on the neo-nazi board stormefront, he's a racist and anti-semite. This site should not be the first hit under the search for 'Jew".

Even though on the website it says it is not a "hate site", there is no doubt that it was done by antisemitic, if not nazi groups My neighbor is a Survivor of the Camps. When I see the numbers on his arm, I can only hope that no one man woman or child, will ever have to go through the kind of living hell, he went through. Please remove this and help to stop the spread of Evil and Hate! Its better anyway. Being an Israeli-american Jew, not only is this website offensive to all us Jews in the world, but people who promote such ridiculous, cruel anti-Semitic messages should not be allowed to freely express their opinion in such a nasty, cold manner!

MC Afee checks sites for viruses and spam e-mails why google would not work with them for content too? I don't know what all the fuss is about. The 1st amendment protects sites such as these. We as Americans should protect every person's right to voice their opinion, whether we like that opinion or not.

Everyone get a clue and leave this man to voice his opinion. The guy below me seems to have conveniently forgotten who smashed airliners into buildings and blows up innocent civilians including women and children on buses and trains. But I suppose all Muslims are such peaceful people and they didn't really do it so must all be lies made up by those evil hateful Jewish conspirators. He also seems to have forgotten who it was that kidnapped the Israeli soldiers in this latest Iraeli- Palestinian skirmish.

Start removing jews from Lebanon and Palestine then start to talk about the nice site Jew watch! Why should they remove this site? When something about is truth, that site should be removed immediately? I don't know why the people of the Jewish community are becomes immediately arrogant, when something have been revealed about the fabricated past, what they've created.

They're creating lies, that site reveals the truth. I vote to keep that site on Google. I am not Jewish or a member of any ethnic or racial minority and I personally abhor hateful racists and I am proud to sign your well intended petition. They all hide behind a lot of conveniently twisted so-called "facts" to sell their demented messages to the naive and foolish who seem incapable of independent thought.

I sincerly hope most people are as offended by these kind of uneducated liars and lunatics as I am and will work hard to oppose and defeat them and their warped ideology! Google thinks it's ok to censor information to freedom-seeking Chinese, and to remove sites from their search engine at the behest of the Scientologist cult. But they don't seem to have any problem with out-and-out anti-semitism.

Remove this bigot organization from the Google search engine and go the extra mile and and shut it down! In the hierarchy of principles, principles of proffesionalism fall second to those of Peace, and the elimination of hate. Keep fighting the good fight. Remember not to fall into the trap of denying or negating the First Amendment.

Let's get this straight: Jews s--k. F--k 'em all. They don't need that patch of earth as, apparently, the U. Oh, and heads-up: The biggest cause of antisemitism is the Jewish population itself. Think I'm going a bit overboard? Walk a mile in my shoes and witness my experiences with American Jews and then ask me why I hate them. Regarding the post below, you don't have to go back to Moses' time to find Jewish rapists, just find your local f--king mohel - there's a Jewish-Rabbi-c--k-s--ker who will show you how to rape a baby while other Jews watch.

Shalom, a--holes! This really should be removed as it is a hate site and it most likly has to do with jealousy of the Jewish accomplishments and the fact that they are Gods chosen people. Many are called ,few are chosen. Will it be removed? Jew watch is an antisemitic site promoting hate, harm and abuse of jews- the information is not even accurate , google has responsibility and obligation to remove it in the same way as child pornography is condemned.

It pains me to know that the first site that comes up when a curious individual searches 'jew' in google is such an anti-semetic site. It really is upsetting. Racism is offensive, obscene, divisive, destructive, and ultimately, history shows, crumbles under the weight of its own ignorance. A disgrace! Is this freedom or the abuse of freedom? Ignoring moral issues puts all of us at risk. Google has a policy of black-listing sites that have employed deceitful means of inflating page rankings.

As the site JewWatch employed a 'Google Bomb' to artificially inflate it's page rankings, Goolgle should black list the site simply to remain consistent with its own policies. This is a shameful falsification that purports to be a library of truth, which - when read by those who are unknowledgable - will invoke an anti-Semitic reaction similar to that which caused the Holocaust, the Pogroms and the Inquisition.

It is shameful that Google should be linked and seemingly encourage such activity. This is a disgrace. Jew watch is a vile and disgusting anti-semetic site, and should be taken down. It's full of despicable lies and misinformation, and that site just makes me want to throw up. Google is the best and fastest search engine but I am not even thinking about using it again until WWW.

COM is removed from our lives. I'm extremely disgusted with the jewwatch site. Im also a republican. Racism should be illegal in the states, as it already is in Australia. The site ,interestinlgy, cannot accomplish much because the Civil Rights act of states"Every person who under color of any statute, ordinance, regulation, custom, or usage, of any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, subjects, or causes to be subjected, any citizen of the United States or other person within the jurisdiction thereof to the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution and laws, shall be liable to the party injured in an action at law.

I'm going to sign your stupid petition because I'm positive that it will amount to nothing in the end. Jew Watch's first amendment rights will continue to be respected and the site will remain online for as long as Mr Weltner wishes. There is nothing you can do to curb freedom of speech Disgraceful and distasteful.

I would expect better from Sergey Brin, common man your jewish Anti-Semitism is a plague on society, this website only perpetuates stereotypes that hinder on our progress towards a more tolerant society. Should evil be condoned? Should freedom preempt justice? There are limits, like the highway code. Hatred is an expression that despises freedon, using it until it can surplant it.

Google, please get rid of JewWatch. The people who hate Jews hate all people and sites such as this incite violence. I can't understand why Google still allow such a hateful and antisemitic site to be the first result when I search for "jew". I would expect that I would get better search results than that.

Please remove that useless and trashy hate-site. We live in a civilised, tolerant society. Google should be ashamed, this is a humanitarian issue, not some garbage about law and legal responsibility. I will no longer use Google if you do not remove this site, and I will tell others to boycott as well. Fascism and the radical right suck and I strongly oppose everything these viscious, evil, unpatriotic, ignorant red neck scumbag terrorists stand for.

The hate groups that find audience online need to be banned and put out of existence as the domestic terrorist organizations they really are. I defend freedom of speech and oppose sensorship, but I will happily make an exception when it comes to these often violent and always backwards pockets of dangerous retards. They ought to be shunned and shut out of normal communications channels, especially the world wide web!

I fully agree. Remove this useless listing and others like it. Free speech is a great thing, but it must have some reasonable limits. You can't shout FIRE in a crowded theater, for very good reasons! Google is a great search engine but this sort of thing may damage their reputation. Are coddling these hate groups worth it to the folks that run Google? Time will tell. I am not Jewish personally but I have known many nice people who were and a few of my friends are and I am strongly opposed to these vicious hate groups always posing a threat to the rest of society.

These kinds of losers are almost always uneducated, regressive gun nut types and have criminal backgrounds anyway. Bitter hatefilled people that want to blame everyone else for their own mistakes and the worlds problems on one group are a familiar old refrain throughout human history. If these Jewatch wackos act on their hate and commit crimes at least we can put them behind bars on domestic terrorism charges!

Its a waste of time to worry about the jews. Always the scape-goats for the criminal acts of others. The tired old game of blame the jews for everything to cover your own misdeeds is not going to cut it in the 21st century.

Its the insane right-wing extremist Republicans we need to be watching closely, there is our real enemy! I expected more from Google which is usually a great search engine. Why make it easier for the far right to promote hate and fascism? Children are using Google almost uniquely these days; why do you want to expose them to such propagandistic filth by default?! I'mcurrently writing a paper with the thesis, "Websites promoting anti-semitism should be banned.

This is a very discrimanatory site against the jews. Please remove it, as many can see it is a big waste of time and space. I must congratulate google for not removing the site despite this disgusting censorship campaign. I am neither anti-Semite nor have any connection to JewsWatch site, but I am disgusted by these losers who want to censor unpopular opinions. Well done google. Keep the site and free speech. Dear Google, when you turn a blind eye to this problem, you are no better than the millions of others who turn a blind eye and then express surprise at the increase in anti-semitism worldwide and the consequences of that senseless hatred.

Oy Vey! Somebody get rid of Jewwatch before the stupid Goyim wake up and realize what we've been up to! Thanks for this "petition". I never even heard of "Jewwatch" before this. Some very good and interesting facts on that site. I would suggest finding a method of de-optimizing the website so it doesn'T show up first when a search is done on Google. I am disappointed in Google's apparent dragging its corporate feet and being unwilling to remove this offensive site.

Since the USA is supposed to be fighting both domestic and international terrorism, why hasn't the Department of Homeland Security also done anything to help change this? Perhaps I have become a cynic, but one has to wonder how is Google benefitting from NOT removing it already JewWatch is contrary to every facet of a democracy, which we can ill afford to support at any time, especially now.

I feel as a jew it is very important we remove this antisemitic harmful site from the search engine. COM We should be glad to have someone provide this truthful service to us, so we can see what others see and change our ways. Thank you for this service. It is abhoring to condone hate spreading website in the name of free speech! If the site is not removed from Google, myself, my family, my friends and my business associates will stop using Google!

It is a shame that humanity has to lower itself to such degrees. Please remove this sick site. We don't need more hateful people. It is contrary to your objective of supplying true and honest services to have a hate-mail site on your website. It would be in everyone's best interest for you to remove it. The site has a hostile presentation of pseudo-facts about jews. Most afirmations are not verifiable. They have the right to freedom of speach and press. By all you cry baby's whinning about this your just helping to hasten the eventually removal of all our rights.

You can show some back-bone and not look. Please do not remove this informative site. If you don't like the site, nobody is forcing you to visit the site. Although it is true that this site is among the worst anti Jewish sites, Google sees it as proper to list it as number one when Jew is typed into their search engine. Therefore, Google must be run by anti Jewish people. How dare you, in , post this as your top website for "jew" on your search engine?

Google certainly has a First Amendment right to post the site, but it should not be listed as the first item out of thousands. Blaming this action on a "random" computer is a lame excuse. The positioning of this notoriously anti semitic site as first response to "Jew" is outrageous and indecent for a company with the reputation and influence of Google. How can you let appear on your website that Itshak Rabin was a terrorist. Like others are hunting for revisionistics site etc Please don't become this kind of things.

Let's take hate out of America and show the love of God to all people. Let's be a people united in the Spirit of Christ. I think it's something important It is your responsibility to monitor offensive material such as this, as you would for porn or other racist or hate messages. PCPs, specialists, health care services, including speech-language pathology.

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The current market also requires that clinicians be organizations, and consumer-support organizations. Involvement with such groups provides important vehicles for networking, exchange of information and ideas, and an References ongoing source of new resources and data.

Scope of Practice in professional practice allow for continuous improvement of Speech—Language Pathology. International Classification of Functioning, the program with attention to those issues that are shaping Disability and Health. Published Available not expect policies to emerge that include considerations for from www.

The science of improvement. Qual Saf 1. Assessing dysphagia via setting? Int J Speech-Language 2. Describe the speech-language pathology continuum of care. Pathol ; 15 2 : — 3. Stroke ; 43 7 : — 4. Am J Speech a professional? Will you pursue one or both of these Lang Pathol ; 12 4 : — credentials? On what basis are you making this decision? In- person versus telehealth assessment of discourse ability in adults with 5. J Head Trauma Rehabil ; 27 6 : — health care survey that are consistent or inconsistent with your own observations?

The integration of the educational and medical models has evolved to a very complex service-delivery This chapter discusses the current educational trajectory in the model that is unique to speech-language pathology. From a practical perspective, the pathologists SLPs for the future. New clinicians graduate with some exposure to the viduals move from less advanced novice to more advanced thinking and diagnostic and treatment approaches that are expert levels of independence.

It is reasonable to question the unique to each setting. Despite the impor- pathology workforce over the years, allowing clinicians to have tance of the educational system, our historical and current the basic qualifications to move from setting to setting. This educational model is highly compartmentalized and uneven, approach meets licensure and certification requirements and particularly with regard to medical speech-language pathology.

Unlike other health disciplines, These standards provide guidance on both preprofessional the trajectory to advanced competence, specialization, and leader- education requirements prerequisite knowledge, graduate ship is not well developed in speech-language pathology. The model, though rarely articulated as such, is Speech-language pathology has its roots in both educational truly one that requires and encourages career-long learning.

The formative pathway into practice The tradition in the profession, however, is to treat these activi- reflects both of these models. While great attention has been given to practical approaches can be seen in preparation of SLPs today. The majority of safety, and best practice. It is not surpris- ing that the majority of clinical approaches that have developed 2.

We important questions in the study of language and motor speech attempt to capture four elements of instructional consideration disorders. Additionally, there has been consistent interest in that are critical to achievement of good outcomes: curriculum, explanation of underlying physiology and causes of communi- teaching tools and strategies, measurement of learning, and cation disorders that has also led to assessments and treat- continuous improvement.

We propose that regardless of the ments that are more physiologically based. The introduction of level of the learner, the setting where learning is occurring, or endoscopic and X-ray examinations, intraoperative brain mapping the nature of the content being delivered, consideration of of language functions, and other such procedures has contributed these factors improves outcome. In our view of the. The goals the professional are fluid and adapt to external demands from provide a comprehensive, overarching model for curricular the specific practice setting, patient-specific needs, and chang- consideration.

Each level and type of professional education should be guided by these goals 2. The territory of teaching and learning at the graduate level is Whether you are an entry-level practitioner, an administrator, filled with complexity in subject matter and expectations. For purposes of this and learning in 21st century speech-language pathology, as well discussion, it seems safest to reduce this complexity and to as in other health professions.

The growing scope of practice, the increase clarity by posing a number of educational goals as the expanded knowledge base, the introduction of new topics in the framework for subsequent discussion. These goals span the continuum Externally, the availability of new technologies, the demand for of professional development from entry-level graduate clinical higher skill levels at entry to practice, greater expectations for education through postgraduate clinical development in independence and critical thinking, and the ever-expanding.

Table 2. Develop comprehensive understanding of To understand the underlying physiology of What are the best tools to encourage retention basic subject matter movement in order to assess speech disorders and working knowledge of the material as To thoroughly understand early language opposed to memorization? Establish a clear connection between learned To appreciate the clinical significance of Are certain types of educational experiences content and real world clinical situations different disorder types and classifications more likely to help learners appreciate the To select the best treatment approach for a significance of what they are learning in the given patient classroom?

Develop empathy and insight about the To demonstrate effective counseling skills How can I help students develop experience in impact of communication impairment on an To provide support for families and patients as reflection and application of patient-centered individual patient or family they cope with the disability thinking? Provide comprehensive content and exposure To expose students to clinical issues in What technologies are best for online exposure across all areas of communication disorders specialized settings that are not readily available to a specific setting or patient group?

Ensure that students are learning and can To ensure that students are making reliable Are there good tools to measure student apply content. Provide an internship or clinical fellowship To demonstrate sufficient skills and knowledge What is the best way to design a series of experience that leads to the emergence of skills for management of a specific clinical population observational and clinical activities to assure a necessary for independent practice at the entry e.

To demonstrate effective communication, practicum or clinical fellowship setting? Ensure that a continuing education To demonstrate that a workshop on managing Are some approaches to continuing education experience that has been provided is beneficial speech and swallowing in patients in the ICU more likely to ensure learning? FEES, fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing.

In Across higher education, this is a time of great reform both in essence, speech-language pathology remains the only major the organization of education and in its delivery. These points independent health profession without a clear and accessible are at the heart of the curricular discussion.

In health professions education, several other specific factors Review of the literature in speech-language pathology educa- are influencing the educational landscape, including significant tion reveals scant discussion of the important tools and demand for collaboration and interprofessional practice, pedagogies for professional formation and there is no clearly increased competency at the entry level, and increased length documented history of our educational methods and and depths of academic programs.

Pharmacy, audiology, and approaches. There is considerable discussion of standards of physical therapy have joined medicine, psychology, and dentis- education and content required in the curriculum; however, try as doctoral entry professions. Interestingly there is no significant peer- requirements.

A similar trend in speech-language pathology reviewed journal on education in our discipline. It is helpful to think practitioner of a curriculum as a set of courses or learning experiences that contribute to a specific level of attainment, which may be a Interestingly, there has been little work done to validate the degree e.

A as a meaningful experience to produce an expert independent course or learning experience is one part of an overall curricu- clinician. Considering that, at this point in time, virtually all lum. Within the context of the overall entry-level curriculum, Several institutions have developed specialized medical there are areas of emphasis in medical speech-language pathol- speech-language pathology clinical fellowships with specific ogy.

The overall understanding, though rarely explicitly stated, educational objectives. Additional and practicum provide a comprehensive exposure to the infor- opportunities for observation and clinical participation mation required by the medical SLP. Similarly, it is typical for student clinicians to have medicine, and dementia. Each of these experiences included.

The student is expected to master the successful completion. The program has been considerably core knowledge of the subject matter, supplemented by reading modified over the years but remains as a dedicated medical assignments and some laboratory or observation experiences. It is a highly There is debate about the best way for students to learn this sought-after opportunity among new graduates in the field. Active learning is achieved when students are highly ized system for graduating students to find such programs.

Through the process Strategies for Learning of gathering and considering information relevant to the solution, the student learns this core information. There are While the general benchmarks for curriculum in the field of a few anecdotal descriptions of problem-based learning in speech-language pathology are demarcated clearly, there is evi- the speech-language pathology literature, and it has been dence of considerable variation in the manner that courses and used more extensively in other English-speaking countries content are delivered.

For general purposes of this discussion, it than in the United States. This approach health professions education there has been a call for change in has particular appeal in the current discussion of inter- both the curriculum the content and desired outcomes and professional practice and education.

While there is a long the design the way in which the information is learned or tradition of group projects in the speech-language pathology experienced. Most notably, Frenk et al6 produced a new blue- educational model, adherence to the tenets of team-based print for the underlying principles of health professions educa- learning allows for the development of a very focused approach tion in their widely cited and acknowledged Lancet report.

This article was particularly focused on tional purposes. It is beyond the scope of this chapter to discuss the areas of medicine, nursing, and public health and their need the interaction among various approaches to e-learning and for transformation. Consideration of the discussion in Frenk the contribution to principles of active learning. However, it is et al6 is also relevant to how we look ahead at the needs of important to acknowledge the rapid utilization of online tech- speech-language pathology in the health and rehabilitation nologies to support and, in some cases, replace more traditional setting.

The associated with e-learning, the reality is that there has been implicit assumption evidenced in speech-language pathology rapid expansion of these new technologies into the educational curricula is that exposure to a breadth of topics, conditions, and paradigm. Today, most graduate courses are supported by, and patients is an essential component of education for medical in some situations delivered by, electronic means that can SLPs. A second assumption, again implicit, is that experience in include everything from live interaction with a professor over the assessment and treatment of a variety of communication the Internet to viewing lectures or clinical situations online, disorders in health settings prepares one for the transition from reading articles or other Web-based resources, engaging in novice to professional.

Thus, the question of instructional class discussions with peers and instructors, taking exams, and design becomes one of strategy. What is the best way for stu- turning in assignments. These methods are being evaluated for dent X to learn to do Y so that she can perform task Z or make various levels and types of learners across the spectrum of edu- a decision in a real-world context?

This question can be cation. At their best, the Internet and technology allow access answered by considering five more granular questions. The same student may be able to observe a case, Need to Know Definitively? Development of Skill in Using this or injured by the new clinician, then the opportunity to apply this skill with real patients provides a critical opportunity for New Content in Their Own Thinking and the student to gain vital experience.

We have little information Problem Solving: How Does the Learner about the degree of time or experience that a learner needs in Know When and Where to Use This order to master a specific skill. However, current educational Information? There are tings. A particular challenge in the current practice environ- two main instructional approaches that lend themselves to ment is that the acquisition of skilled performance in carrying clarification of early learning about application.

It is not unusual out routine procedures and decisions requires deliberate, for both of the methods to be used interchangeably over the explicit instruction and feedback and is therefore time- course of a curriculum. In this model, students are assessing the oral mechanism and motor speech abilities.

For assigned cases for observation, assessment, and treatment purposes of application, the learner must learn various tech- under the supervision of a university instructor who is an niques for eliciting and interpreting responses based on inte- experienced clinician. There is great variation in the way gration of these clinical behaviors with the underlying back- that this model has been used across universities; however, ground information.

By preparing a set of guiding observations for the majority of students in speech and hearing in the or questions, the student can be guided toward making impor- United States, their earliest formative clinical experiences tant decisions for the appropriate application of the range of are in the dedicated university clinical setting. There is no clinical skills required. The second with children than adults, and close monitoring of student approach, case-based learning, allows the learner to make performance.

In most graduate programs, as students all of the decisions and apply them to an approximation of advance in their procedural knowledge and in decision mak- the real patient. The limitation of the simulation experience is provide exposure to patients with complex health problems. Because the without consideration of all the nuances of decision-making.

Thus, whenever when they are seen. All students should, over the course of reflect on, and be debriefed about, all of the implications for their academic experience, be exposed to patients in the what they have just learned and applied. Thus, the academic program has a signifi- Integration of This New Thinking into the cant responsibility to ensure that the experience of the Application of Skills in Patient Care: How learner extends far beyond the university speech and lan- guage center.

While not all learners are likely to experience Does the Learner Begin to Apply the extensive direct clinical contact with every type of patient Content? Judgment and with Self-Evaluation and Depending on the complexity of the skill and the parameters of Reflection in Place?

Most complex skills in speech-language pathology setting, then the skills need to be systematically transferred include the use of reasoning, critical thinking, perceptual judg- to real practice situations with real patients. In the health care ments, and decision making. A deductive clinical process that setting, this means increasing use of independent judgment by has been developed and applied systematically is used with the the learner with feedback provided by master clinicians.

It is patient. In addition to the application of an almost unlimited in situ. These clinical skills require varying levels of use approaches outlined above are rarely applied in professional psychomotor skills, dexterity, and knowledge of specific education. This unfortunate, yet understandable, situation has techniques. Videoendoscopy, videofluoroscopy, palatography, resulted in somewhat uneven clinical training across those in electromyography EMG , and electroencephalography EEG professional formation.

It is time that training programs are among the approaches that are used to visualize or to address this systematic deficiency in preparation of SLPs for understand movement and function in speech-language providing services in health care settings. Skilled and experienced SLPs appreciate the mixture of application of behavioral elicitation, technology applications, and clinical reasoning that lead to expert performance by 2. Certain clinical education activities lend themselves to devel- Specialty Certification and opment of application skills in an integrated and professionally Continuing Education useful format.

Several methods of clinical simulation are increasingly used to train students and clinical fellows or others An additional opportunity for clinicians to demonstrate requiring advanced skill development. The most basic form of advanced competency is through specialty certification. The simulation that has been used for generations is role play. According to their website www demand. This Beginning in January , ASHA transitioned from its clini- example merely highlights one type of simulation activity as a cal specialty recognition program to one of specialty certifica- solution to learning high-risk clinical applications.

In other tion. Current specialty recognition is available in swallowing health care disciplines, simulation has been used widely and its disorders, child language disorders, and fluency disorders. It is use is growing. It is important that the field of speech-language anticipated that new specialty certificates will emerge with the pathology continue to expand its repertoire of such applica- transition of this program.

There is a small, but growing, current requirements for recognition as a specialist include literature on the use of standardized patients12,13 and technical experience with appropriate patient populations, including simulation14 in speech-language pathology education. In this requirements. In summary, the curriculum for the aspiring medical SLP there are a plethora of assessment tools and processes focused includes completion of all the requirements for the general at preprofessional education.

Systematic evaluation of 2. While a detailed discussion of this topic is beyond the scope of this chapter, it is fair to say that 2. Because demonstration of competency, safety, com- focused doctoral degree. Currently, there are two programs munication, etc. Whether one is University and the other at the University of Pittsburgh.

Emerging and disrup- improvement, but specific benchmarks relate to graduation and tive developments in education e. However, education and in professional practice certification and spe- there is no direct evidence to suggest that these measures are cialization will continue to shape the direction of curriculum linked to clinical expertise in the work environment.

There is a creation and implementation. Another important question that needs to be explored 2. It could be speculated that there is a huge care system is that of interprofessional education and inter- opportunity for providers of continuing education to move professional practice. The profession has not speech-language pathology have been late to the discussion.

There is little recognition in the extant guiding documents about In addition to the lack of a standardized assessment approach, interprofessional education IPE and interprofessional collabora- there is little information on the validity and reliability of the tive practice IPC that have included non-primary care profes- observation and assessment tools being used to evaluate stu- sions, such as physical and occupational therapy or speech- dents.

This is changing, largely at the initiative of engaging in scholarly research about the educational enterprise the professions themselves. For example, ASHA has added the in speech-language pathology. As is pointed out earlier in this chapter, ment of complex practice in acute care. Speech-Language Clinical Practice Fellowship. Scope of practice in speech-language pathology [Scope of Practice].

Available Institute for Health Improvement: www. A two-year clinical fellowship in medical speech- language pathology. Medical Education in the United States and Canada. Lancet ; : — aspx [7] Azer S. Navigating Problem Based Learning. Team based learning. An these settings. Important areas of opportunity include interac- Introduction to Medical Teaching. Problem-based learning, critical thinking and tions with rehabilitation, otolaryngology, pediatrics, and neu- concept mapping in speech-language pathology education: A review.

Int J rology, because these are areas of high focus in medical speech- Speech-Language Pathol ; 10 6 : — language pathology. J Allied Health ; 42 4 : — collaborative discussion. J Allied Health ; 42 2 : educational responsibilities, should spend time exploring this 84—91 important emerging area of discussion. Int J Speech-Language Pathol ; 14 2 : — interprofessional practice and education.

The use of simulation in training graduate students to perform transnasal endoscopy. Dysphagia ; 26 4 : — [15] Zraick, R. Review of the use of standardized patients in speech-language 2. Report from SLPs. The area is ripe for new scholarship and for evaluation. Boston MA. Outcomes in higher education. Outcomes in Speech-Language Pathology. Standards for accreditation of graduate education programs in audiology and speech-language pathol- well as meeting the now well-established goals of reduced cost, ogy.

Core Competencies advance this discussion in the next generation of development for Interprofessional Collaborative Practice: Report of an Expert Panel. II of Dementia The term angiography indicates the use of an X-ray exam of the arteries and veins to diagnose blockages and other Until relatively recently, our knowledge of brain organization vascular problems.

An arteriogram is specific to the study of was based on observations of patients with lesions. Focal brain arteries, and a venogram studies veins. In all cases, the method- lesions e. A slender catheter is threaded into the femoral and behavioral deficits were correlated with damaged brain artery in the groin and is guided to the area of interest.

To study areas. This method had obvious disadvantages, not the least of the blood distribution in the brain, the catheter is guided into which was the necessity of waiting for patients to die before the carotid artery with the help of X-ray fluoroscopy. A contrast having the opportunity to correlate behavioral, neurologic, and agent is injected through the catheter, flooding the blood neuroanatomic findings.

Angiograms allow the evaluation of the vascular system, For example, Broca used this method to identify left inferior making possible the detection of anomalies like aneurysms a frontal lesions as being responsible for nonfluent aphasia, and weakened, bulging area or stenosis narrowing of the vessel. Wernicke used it to identify left superior temporal lesions as Other conditions that may be detected by this method include being responsible for fluent aphasia.

However, and skull X-rays allowed the two-dimensional imaging of bony other imaging techniques are much better at detecting brain anatomy as well as abnormal calcifications within the cranium. Later, invasive X-ray techniques were developed that used con- Angiography carries serious risks, though small.

The catheter trast agents. Air was introduced into the subarachnoid space to may damage a blood vessel or dislodge an embolus, and the study ventricular anatomy via pneumoencephalography, and contrast may cause allergic reactions, some serious. Contrast radiodense contrast was introduced in the carotid arteries to agents may also worsen renal impairment for those with kidney study vascular anatomy with cerebral angiography.

These inva- problems. Currently, angiography is more commonly used in sive techniques have associated risks and discomfort. Pneumoen- conjunction with CT and MRI, which reduces its invasiveness cephalography in particular was painful and was abandoned as and risks.

The contrast is usually administered intravenously, soon as more advanced imaging techniques became available. Since the mids, new technologies have emerged that permit the study of the brain in vivo, noninvasively, with fewer risk factors, and three-dimensionally. Computed tomography CT and magnetic resonance imaging MRI are currently com- monly used in most medical centers and have contributed greatly to the field of neuroscience and to direct patient care.

Neuroimaging has been used both clinically, to diagnose abnormalities or to monitor disease progression, and in neuro- science research, mainly for the investigation of brain—behavior relationships. This chapter aims to introduce these technologies to the speech-language pathologist. Neuroimaging technology is highly complex and continuously evolving. The presentation of these techniques in the current chapter must necessarily be kept simple and basic to make them more meaningful for our field.

The internal carotid artery is to Although not technically a neuroimaging technique, traditional the left. A CT angiogram referred to as a CTA visu- Computed tomography CT scans are basically three- alizes the presence of arterial structural anomalies with a high dimensional representations constructed from X-ray images. The logic emergencies, such as acute trauma or stroke. The major degree of attenuation depends on the density of the tissue. A Bone has a high density and appears white; water has a low typical chest CT delivers a dose of radiation approximately density and appears dark.

In mammograms. The contrast is usually a pharma- However, if a CT scan is truly indicated, the benefit far out- ceutical compound containing iodine that is absorbed selec- weighs the slightly increased risk of cancer. Additionally, recent tively by certain tissues. Because of its ability to visualize patients with compromised renal function or allergies. CT is an ideal diagnostic tool for the detection of some rounded by thick bone, such as the brainstem and the temporal structural abnormalities, including ventricular abnormalities, lobes.

Another major limitation is in the early stages of ischemic bone fractures, blood, and edema. CT scans can also be used to stroke, where the CT scan may appear normal or show only. In our insti- ner to produce a perfusion cortical map based on cerebral blood tution, patients are provided with earplugs to attenuate the flow, cerebral blood volume, and transit time. It can identify loud noise. The pattern of electromagnetic excitation, the tim- regions of the brain at risk of stroke because of poor perfusion.

MRI sequences most commonly used in clinical practice conditions. T1- that has made important contributions to health care and that weighted MRI sequences provide highly detailed anatomical is used in most major medical centers worldwide. Many appli- information. Water-filled tissue appears dark, and fat-filled tissue MRI technology depends on two main components: a power- appears white.

Gray matter is darker than white matter. In cases ful magnet and radio waves. MRI is based on the properties of of demyelinating diseases like multiple sclerosis MS , the fat is the hydrogen atom, which is present inside every part of the stripped away and replaced by water, making tissues appear body to varying extents. The core of the hydrogen atom contains darker than normal. Such lesions are clearly seen on MRI but a single proton with an inherent spin like a top.

A magnetic field are often not detected by CT scans. On T2-weighted scans, water- and fluid-filled During the MRI, the patient is placed inside a tube-like tissues appear bright, and fat-containing tissues appear less machine housing a strong magnet, hundreds of thousands of bright in direct contrast to T1.

This large mag- than white matter. T2-weighted scans are the most sensitive to netic field is used to align the majority of the water protons tissue pathology. Abnormalities usually appear bright on T2 along the same longitudinal axis. When excited by a radio wave images.

In particular, when damaged tissues develop edema, pulse at the resonant frequency, the protons begin to spin in the damaged sections appear brighter than normal tissue. This allows for distinction between ferent relaxation properties; and so the protons in tissues that regions of parenchymal brain pathology and fluid-filled areas.

Table 3. The most important application of dMRI for pertinent patient history before the scan can proceed. However, newer versions of pacemakers and aneurysm for 4 to 6 hours, and faster than other MRI sequences. Dif- sues. MRI is superior to CT in contrast resolution, defined as the fusion tensor imaging DTI is an application of dMRI useful for ability to distinguish between similar but not identical tissues making brain maps of connectivity of white matter fibers, a e.

A sequence of scans is than 5 minutes, whereas an MRI can take significantly longer. In our institution, MRI protocols are often named after the conditions in question or for the physician 3. This method takes advantage of the fact that oxy- ferent physicians may adopt personalized protocols. When a part of the brain is like tumors and areas of inflammation. Contrast is most often utilized for a specific task, the neurons in that region require used with a T1 sequence.

Most prominently, because slight increase in the T2-weighted MRI signal. The inactive or control and active state e. In studies and agitation may not be suitable candidates for an MRI scan of normal brain functions, figures of BOLD activation are without anesthesia. The use of a contrast agent may also be typically averages of findings from study participants rather problematic for some patients, particularly for those with than individual scans.

Panel a top demonstrates activation in response to a task of word generation from letters. The control task is rest. Panel b bottom reflects activation in a reading task. The patient was shown item descriptions followed by the corresponding correct or incorrect label. The control task is a string of symbols. They con- types of neuroimaging. They also caution against compar- no risks.

For these reasons, fMRI usage has increased designed to study working memory. It can capture a about fMRI interpretation. Sedating medication, which is used to suppress brain region and a particular complex task.

The colorful and unwanted movement and to reduce artifact in structural MRI vivid scans produced by fMRI suggest a level of precision in imaging, may also suppress brain activity and reduce the value measurement that is deceptive, leading some investigators of of fMRI. In multiple areas of activation, some of which may be due to PET, a small dose of a radioactive tracer a positron-emitting changes in neuronal activity while others may be the result of chemical is injected intravenously.

This tracer travels through changes in oxygenation in draining veins far from the source of the bloodstream and is absorbed by organs and tissues. As it activity. Not enough is known about the correlation between decays, the tracer emits a positron that combines with a nearby neuronal activity, blood flow, and fMRI signals, especially in electron and results in the emission of two simultaneous pathophysiological conditions.

In , Heeger and Ress dis- gamma rays in opposite directions. The subject is placed in a puted the linear transformation model used in fMRI interpreta- ring-shaped PET scanner that has a camera that detects the tion. This model is based on the theory that the strength of the pairs of gamma rays emitted by the tracer at the speed of light fMRI signal is proportional to local neuronal activity averaged and locates their origin with precision.

A computer converts. The tracer also makes PET unsuitable for pregnant or nursing women. The other disadvantage is its high cost. In addition to the cost of the scanner, the production of positron-emitting tracers requires a cyclotron, which is quite expensive. A final disadvantage is the time required per scan; after intravenous injection, 18F-FDG requires about 45 minutes for uptake into organs, and the scan can take an additional 30 to 60 minutes.

The evaluation indicated a left anterior temporal seizure focus. The isotope is administered intravenously and is rapidly temporal lobe color scale for the order of uptake from highest to taken up by the brain at a rate reflecting local blood flow in dif- lowest: white, red, yellow, green, light blue, dark blue. The isotope absorption reflects cerebral blood flow these emissions into three-dimensional pictures.

Because the at the time of injection. Once the isotope is administered, the positron travels a short distance before meeting an electron, patient is scanned by a rotating gamma camera, which detects PET images have an inherent limitation in resolution, resulting the location of the radioactive isotope. Multiple two-dimensional in blurry images. The most frequently used tracer clinically is fluorine fluo- The SPECT scan can detect reduced blood flow to injured or rodeoxyglucose FDG , which is an analog of glucose tagged abnormal sites.

It is useful for presurgical evaluation of medi- with the positron emitter F Because glucose is used by the cally uncontrolled seizures because it can be performed brain for energy, the concentration of tracer uptake indicates between seizures interictal phase and during a seizure ictal tissue metabolic activity. When the commonly in the evaluation of brain tumors and other cancers ligand is injected at the beginning of a seizure, there is greater malignant tumors have greater FDG uptake , presurgical evalu- uptake in the epileptogenic brain region.

DaTscan lobes on PET, often before clinical symptoms appear. A normal brain tumors. DaTscan will show symmetrical, bilateral, comma-shaped Other tracers that are in research use include 15O-H2O to uptake. Abnormal scans may show asymmetrical or reduced measure blood flow and various neurotransmitter ligands used bilateral uptake. For example, entiating between essential tremor and tremor due to PD.

It also is useful in 3. However, it is able to detect oxygenation rates in superficial cortical tissue Another noninvasive method for functional imaging is near- only, while fMRI can detect activation throughout the brain. At infrared spectroscopy NIRS.

Cerebral activa- tion usually results in an increase in blood flow that is Combined with Imaging disproportionate to oxygen consumption. Activated regions will The old method of electroencephalography EEG and much have greater oxygenation. Detectors map the regions of newer magnetoencephalography MEG are functional.

The EEG montage is referential, with alternating left odd numbers and right even numbers channels. Co-registration registered to MRI. When co-registered to MRI, EEG and MEG with MRI, combined with computational analysis, allows three- can become a form of functional imaging for identifying the dimensional localization of the presumed source of the evoked source of electrical or magnetic activity in the brain.

The most commonly used evoked potentials in clinical neurology are visual, somatosensory, and brainstem auditory evoked 3. For these evoked potentials, usually simple stimuli An EEG measures cortical voltage fluctuations from electrodes are used to identify a lesion along the course of the pathways placed on the scalp. The fluctuations reflect the ionic current causing a delay in one or more components of the potential. These signals In the case of visual and somatosensory evoked potentials, the are magnified and recorded as a series of tracings reflecting latest potential of interest is the one produced by the corre- changes over time.

A neurologist reads the tracings to look for sponding primary sensory cortex. In cognitive science and abnormalities in brain electrical activity. The most common clini- are later responses from association cortex, including responses cal use of EEG is in epilepsy, where it is used to help confirm to more complex stimuli. EEG is also used in evaluation of coma, encephalopathy, and 3. A MEG ters, relatively low cost, and tolerance of patient movement as machine contains an array of magnetic sensors superconduct- compared to MRI, for example.

Modern MEG since it is not invasive and does not use radiation or contrast machines contain up to sensors. MEG scans are performed agent. EEG has poor spatial sensitivity compared to CT and within a magnetically shielded room to isolate the scanner from MRI but high temporal resolution, meaning that it is not exact environmental magnetic fields, which are much larger than at localizing brain activity but detects, within milliseconds, those recorded from the brain.

The machine looks like a giant changes in electrical activity. The poor recording from deep structures of the brain. An EEG study is conducted either at rest or in combination with tasks. MEG is also used in tiple responses, because the waves can be smaller than other basic research into perceptual and cognitive brain processes.

EEG activity. The averaging cancels out the random EEG activity, MEG is a direct measure of brain function and in that respect is thus enhancing the evoked potentials, which are reproducible superior to fMRI, which measures the hemodynamic response in relation to the stimulus. Recording evoked potentials from to cortical activation. With the nondominant hemisphere anesthetized, counting continues but speech may become dysarthric. After recovery, the patient is tested for recollection of memory items.

The Wada test is invasive and has risks and limitations. The main risks include dislodging plaque, arterial spasm, and injury to the arterial wall, all of which may result in cerebral infarc- tion. Such risks make it unsuitable for nonessential use or in the study of dominance in normal volunteers.

Another serious limi- tation is that the Wada test is strictly a test of lateralization and does not allow for further localization of language functions. Because magnetic electrodes on the cortical surface. Small electrical pulses are fields travel unaltered across the skull, MEG signals are less introduced that interfere with cortical activity in one area for a likely to be distorted by intervening tissues than EEG signals. Responses to the stimulation motor, On the other hand, just like EEG, MEG records activity on the sensory, or none determine the function of that cortical region.

However, stimulation of association cortex, includ- ing language cortex, does not produce any detectable response 3. To evaluate the language cortex, the patient must Lateralization or Localization of perform a language task.

For example, the patient may be asked to read a passage aloud as pulses are introduced; cessation of Cortical Function reading or paraphasic errors are some of the indications of an area involved in language functioning.

The EEG is usually 3. Localization of cortical function is only valid if many medical centers worldwide. The Wada test is used to there is disruption without associated electrical seizure activity. The tech- Cortical mapping has contributed greatly to our knowledge of nique involves placing a catheter in the femoral artery, and then language distribution in the brain and has demonstrated that the catheter is directed to the internal carotid artery.

After an there is a large variability in the localization of language among initial angiogram, an anesthetic originally amobarbital, but individuals. In addition, mapping has also identi- memory testing is performed prior to injection.

The patient is fied the basal temporal language area BTLA at the base of the then asked to hold both arms up, wiggle fingers, and count temporal lobe, which may be important in speech perception. Cortical mapping is an invasive procedure and carries with it The results are quite dramatic. Within a few seconds, the con- risks inherent to surgery, such as infection, making it unsuitable tralateral arm falls and the fingers cease wiggling, indicating for use in the general population. Because of its use with paralysis of one hemisphere, and testing for language and mem- lesioned brains, some caution must be applied when generaliz- ory begins.

The stimuli are kept short, since the anesthetic is ing findings. For example, individuals with early-onset epilepsy metabolized within a few minutes. Stimuli usually consist of may have a language shift to the nondominant hemisphere or object naming, verbal comprehension, repetition, automatic to adjacent cortical areas, and in some cases dominance may speech, and presentation of memory items.

With the dominant have shifted to the contralateral hemisphere or to adjacent hemisphere anesthetized, global aphasia ensues for a few areas in the same hemispheres. This was obtained before surgical resection for epilepsy. Which technology has the lowest resolution? In addition, at the time of this writing, 6. Skull lesions are best imaged using 7.

The following statements about MRI are all true except 8. Electrical stimulation a T1-weighted and FLAIR scans are useful in MS diagnosis a Is used to map eloquent areas of the brain prior to b Gray matter appears brighter on T1-weighted scans and cortical ablation darker on T2-weighted scans b Has been used in research localization of brain functions c MRI is safe for children and pregnant women c Requires EEG monitoring for detecting evoked seizure d DWI scans can detect an infarct before CT scans discharges 3.

Cerebral angiography was developed to visualize arteries d All of the above and veins. What modern technology allows safer and less 9. Which functional imaging technique examines glucose invasive visualization of cerebral vasculature? MRI is a safe technology with the following disadvantages: Advantages of EEG include all the following except a Radiation exposure, bone streak artifact a Has excellent time resolution b Radiation exposure, poor resolution b Detects changes in cortical electrical activity c Movement artifact, contraindicated with metal implant c Has excellent spatial resolution d Invasive, risk of stroke d Can be recorded for prolonged periods of time.

Preservation and modulation of specific left hemisphere regions Sincere gratitude goes to Dr. Victoria Morgan and Dr. Ronald is vital for treated recovery from anomia in stroke. J Neurosci ; 30 35 : Arildson for reviewing the manuscript, and to Dr. Bassel Abou- — Khalil for reviewing the manuscript and providing the images.

Left hemisphere plasticity and aphasia recovery. Recovery and treatment of aphasia after stroke: functional References imaging studies. Brain high resolution MR imaging of the brains of Leborgne and Lelong. Neuroimaging: visualiz- aphasia. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep ; 8 6 : — ing brain structure and function. In: Neuroethics: Implications for Advance- ment in Neurosciences.

Understand- 3. Radiographics ; 26 Suppl 1: associated with non-fluent speech. A primer on functional magnetic activation in stroke patients recovering from aphasia with functional MRI. Neuroimaging of cognition: past, present, and future. Neuroimaging in 60 3 : — aphasia treatment research: quantifying brain lesions after stroke.

What does fMRI tell us about neuronal activity? Fact or phrenology. Mov Disord ; 15 3 : — frontal lobe speech areas associated with the production and perception of [9] Abou-Khalil B. An update on determination of language dominance in speech movements. J Speech Lang Hear Res ; 52 3 : — screening for epilepsy surgery: the Wada test and newer noninvasive alterna- tives. Is it time to replace the Wada test? Neurology ; 59 2 : — 3.

Automated MRI-based classification of tion of epilepsy. In: Kirshner HS, ed. Handbook of Neurological Speech and primary progressive aphasia variants. Neuroimage ; 47 4 : — Language Disorders pp. Basal temporal language area: evidence from cortical stimulation and surgical ablation.

Clinical Aphasiology ; — 3. Left-hemispheric dominance for articulation:. Brain ; Pt 3 : — General Issues in Neuroimaging [1] Plante E. Neuroimaging in communication sciences and disorders: an intro- 3. Functional neuroimaging and aphasia: a review of the literature and the methodological challenges.

Determining whether a domains of cognition: attention, executive functions, language, language disorder is present is not always a simple task. Lan- memory, and visuospatial skills. In doing so, we risk compart- guage impairments may coincide with speech impairments, mentalizing concepts that overlap and interact.

The combination of impairments in and all behavior is multiply determined. Sivan and Ben- impairment. Therefore, SLPs must be prepared to apply a process and Chapter 8. This chapter does not cover speech disorders, approach described below for determining all the factors that such as dysarthria or apraxia of speech, and only briefly might be contributing to impaired performance on any assess- addresses other nonlanguage communication disorders, such as ment or treatment task. Again, we stress that tests and tasks designed to assess spe- The second section of the chapter presents an overview of cific components of cognition do not, in fact, tap only that par- the domains of cognition that are important to consider when ticular skill.

Yet we use labels like executive function tests and evaluating language disorders. This is followed in the third sec- sustained attention tasks. Cognitive scientists allow these desig- tion by an introduction to diagnostic methods, including our nations because certain tasks may call upon one particular cog- particular use of the process approach. In the fourth section we nitive function to a greater extent than any other. For example, present brief descriptions of the most common causes of the classic trail-making task, which requires the person to draw acquired language disorders, using a general dichotomy of sud- a connecting line while switching between increasing numbers den- versus slow-onset disorders.

Within this section we pres- and the consecutive letters of the alphabet a line from 1 to A to ent five sample cases illustrating features of the disorders and 2 to B and so on , is considered an executive function task the diagnostic challenges they pose. Individual cases of acute because it requires mental flexibility and planning. Trail-making disorders SLPs are asked to evaluate in medical settings. With these caveats concerning the overlapping nature of 4.

Language does not exist in a cognitive vac- uum; instead, it interrelates with all other primary domains of 4. Note that disorders of arousal are always lecture and write notes pertaining to the lecture. Attention can not as well understood as other types of attention. It has been be impaired even when arousal is normal. But, if individuals are described as the ability to choose the aspects of the environ- not fully aroused, they will not have the capacity to demon- ment to be attended to in order to carry out our goals.

This strate attention, and it will be impossible to validly assess all requires the coordination of multiple tasks and regulation of forms of cognition.

OFFSHORE BETTING

Publishing Office: Atlantic Street. Stamford, Conn. Bronx, N. Publisfter Paul Kyer. Editor Marvin Baxley. Bellow — So. Manning Blvd.. FEderal 15c per copy. Along with the sighs of relief will be the delight in getting retroactive pay raise checks, some going as far back as 18 months. At the same time, a new p at tern of negoti at ion appears to be in the works for New York City unions in future bargaining talks.

The Federal Pay Board guidelines on wage Increases—set at approxim at ely a 5. This means th at civil service unions will have to aim in the areas of fringe benefits improvements as a means to offset the limited gains th at can be made in pay negoti at ions. The signs are th at the City, St at e and most local government bodies are preparing to counteract such demands with insistence on gre at er productivity from their public employees. At this writing, it Is hard to predict just how this new approach to bargaining will work.

Wh at is certain is th at the p at tern of negoti at ions has changed now and will require some strong initi at ive and imagin at ive bargaining techniques from public employees to insure th at pay guidelines do not fence them into rigid straits th at could result In an overall loss in the value of conditions of employment.

Questtonj Answers Q. I never worked myself. The lump-sum payment Is only made after the worker's de at h, and the worker must have credit for a certain amount of work under social security. Must this money be used for burial expenses only? You can use the check for any purpose. Then, the payment goes to the person paying the burial expenses. If the expenses were not paid, the lump-sum can be paid directly to the funeral home. Carp Named Dr.

My son enlisted in the Army shortly after his 18th birthday Last month we received word th at he had been seriously wounded and may not be able to work for several years. Is there any way he could receive benefits under social security? Yes, there is. A serviceman's base pay is covered under social security just like wages he would earn anywhere else. Your son, even though he has been in the service for only two years could qualify for social security disability benefits.

A change in the law has made it easier for young people to qualify for disability benetits. A person who Is disabled before he reaches 24 needs only a year and a half of work. In Wyoming Co4inty Wii at on R. James has been named County Clerk of Wyoming County for the remainder of thifi calendar year. Don't Repe at This! Continued from Page 1 people of the St at e during the past two years. In the course of the lajst session a number of legisl at ors announced their retirement.

Others surrendered their se at s In order to contest for other office. Still others suffered defe at In the primaries. Laverne had been regarded as a potential successor to Brydges as Sen at e Majority Leader. His defe at would seem to remove the only possible obstacle to the elev at ion to th at post of Sen at or Warren M. Anderson, of Binghamton.

First Woman Since '65 For the first time since , a woman will serve in the Sen at e. Carol Bellamy, a lawyer, won a primary victory over William Giordano, in a Brooklyn district in which the Democr at ic nominee is virtually assured of success.

Bellamy may be joined in the Sen at e by two other Democr at ic women. Burstein, who won the primary in a new Sen at e district carved out of a part of Queens and a part of Nassau County. She is now a Federal District Judge. Some Other Surprises On the Democr at ic side, a defe at in the primary ended the legisl at ive career of Brooklyn Assemblyman Alfred Lama, an architect by profession, whose name had become a household word as the co-author of the Mitchell-Lama Housing Law.

In Harlem, Assemblyman Hulan Jack was defe at ed by Jesse Gray, a vol at ile figure, who has been a militant organizer of tenants and rent strikes. Kremer scored a victory over Assemblyman Eli Wager, both of whom were thrown into a single Assembly District aa a result of reapportionment.

When the last ballot Is counted on election night, those who lost their se at s in the primary will be joined by other legisl at ors defe at ed In the election. It will be not only new faces in , but a legisl at ive body th at will be different in character from those of the past. During the past two yeai-s, the Assembly proved to be a virtually unmanageable group, highlighted by the fact th at Gov.

Gaba is a member of the firm of White, Walsh and Gaba, P. Notice On Teacher Tenure A recent decision from the Albany County Supreme Court left unanswered the question of why do legisl at ors place meaningless language in st at utes. The petitioner, a prob at ionary teacher, had been appointed Sept.

She worked as a teacher in the school district until the Spring of when she was granted a m at ernity leave of absence. She returned to her teaching duties in September , and due to the fact of her m at ernity leave, would have been eligible to become tenured at the end of January After the expir at ion of her m at ernity leave, after having taught for three months starting in September , she was advised orally by the school principal th at her services were uns at isfactory and th at he would not give her the necessary recommend at ion for her to achieve tenure.

On Dec. One week l at er, however, on Dec. She was advised of the Board's action by letter from the Superintendent of Schools d at ed Jan. She then appealed to the Commissioner of Educ at ion, who rendered his decision of Sept. In its decision the court stressed the narrow scope of court review of administr at ive action by the Commissioner of Educ at ion, who possesses quasi-judicial authority.

The scope of review is much more limited than the review of other administr at ive agencies which do not have such authority. If the commissioner's decision, however. Is purely arbitrary, the courts certainly may overrule him where, for example, he affirms an act which is outside the scope of authority of the Board of Educ at ion or where the action of the Board is illegal.

The issue, as the court st at ed, then became whether or not a school board acted within its authority in accepting a resign at ion which had already been withdrawn. The Commissioner conceded in his decision affirming the act of the school board th at , "It is well established th at a resign at ion may be withdrawn up to the time th at it is formally accepted by a Board of Educ at ion. Consequently, respondent could' not legally refuse petitioner to withdraw her resign at ion, notwithstanding the fact th at respondent might be unable to comply with the time provision contained in Section as a result of such action.

SECTION of the Educ at ion Law st at es, "At the expir at ion of the prob at ionary term, the Superintendent of Schools shall make a report to the Board of Educ at ion recommending for appointment on tenure those persons who have been found competent, efficient and s at isfactory.

It is clear from the st at ute th at the prob at ionary period must first expire before an employee can be recommended for tenure and appointed. Continued from Page 6 program in the special session. Sen at or Brydges, through the force of his personality, succeeded In maintaining a tight rein over his members in the Upper House.

Sen at or Anderson, the likely successor to Brydges, may have a tough time in winning control over his deleg at ion in ht of the winds of change th at will become even more manifest on Election Day. With the exception of bank examiner, tests wiU be given Sept. August 14 is the filing deadline for these open-oompetltlve Jobs, which run the gamut from building structural engineer to toll equipment tepairman and repairman trainee.

Filing procedures sire outlined on page 15 of The Leader. Current vacancies in New York City and Albany. Currently one vacancy in Potsdam. Nine vacancies exist st at ewide. Vacancies are st at ewide. Vacancies in N. Current vacancy is in Albany. Note: Specialized toll background may lead to appointment as a full repairman.

Current vacancy In Buffalo; others expected st at ewide. The Initial test for this title only wlU be held Oct. George Assn. In this case, the sixty-day notice concededly was not given, and the court takes the position th at the sixty-day notice requirement was purely directory In n at ure and in no way affected the substance of the legisl at ive plan for appointment to teniu-e.

The court concluded by r at ionalizing its decision to the effect th at the prob at ionary teacher knew, although she did not receive written notice from the Superintendent of Schols, th at she was not going to be recommended for tenure. The court failed to deal with the perplexing problem, however, as to why the sixty-day notice was in the st at ute in the first place, and why since it is in the law It was not followed, and why if it was not followed Is the Board of Educ at ion's failure excused.

If the provision has meaning, it should be enforced, if It has no meaning, it should not be in the law. Brida v. Ambach, N. Grunfeld Appointed Walter W. Grunfeld, of Mar at hon, has been appointed to the Council for the St at e University College at Cortland for a term ending July 1, There is no salary. The dispute origin at ed when a conflict of interpret at ion of a memorandum of agreement arose following a snow storm in February.

The memorandum had been agreed to by CSEA and the school district in August and involves the procedure for payment of non-teaching employees on design at ed "snow days," when school buildings are closed because of Inclement we at her.

The union maintains th at the district Issued a directive to principals following the snowstorm th at is a viol at ion of the memo of understanding because the employees were not properly notified whether or not to report to work. Independent Arbitr at or CSEA filed a grievance on behalf of the non-insti-uctional employees and a hearing was held before a represent at ive of the American Arbitr at ion Assn. The arbitr at or decided th at there had been a breakdown in the notific at ion procedure and th at as a result employees wei-e unsure of whether they were expected to try to come to work.

The final decision also said th at "The employer did breach Uie letter of understanding. Boyle handled the case for the employees. Larry Tousignant was appointed chairman for the chapter's August picnic. In approving the recent dues increase, the leadership and deleg at es of the Civil Service Employees Assn. CSEA's leaders recognized this after last June's layoff of St at e employees and the most recent Easter week end contract dispute with the St at e.

Citing the Easter week end activities as an example, the fiscal committee noted th at the organiz at ion now faces a possible loss of the right to payi'oll Resolutions Comm. Dorothy Rabin, chairman of the st at ewide CSEA resolutions committee, said th at she hoped to get proposal forms out to the entire membership within a few weeks. July 20 is the deadline for submission of suggestions to the committee. Even though not every suggestion is feasible, the committee will give serious at tention to every one.

Steffen and Vanella were elected as two of the eight dl:-ectors. Several thousand employees who supported CSEA's position are also thre at ened with individual penalties. These last two thre at s to CSEA's existence are reason enough to cre at e such a fund. Without a dues increase, it would be impossible to cre at e and maintain this fund, the committee pointed out. Wenzl said: "CSEA has embarked into a new era where more and more challenges and demands are being thinist upon us.

We are getting involved in situ at ions regularly which thre at en our veiy existence and we must overcome this problem as we have been doing. To continue to meet these challenges headon, we must have the resources. All of these challenges and demands deal with service to and protection of our membership. This contingency fund is but one example, a major one.

Park Ave. New Yox'k. Linden, collective negoti at ing specialist; W'iliiam L. Coyle, assistant director of research; John M. Blair, program specialist, and P at rick Timinerl. Rao was chosen by members in both the civil division and Nassau County Jail.

Also chosen by the members were: Waltei0 Twelbeck, first vice-president; Stephen Zwerling, second vicepresident; Elizabetli Conlen, secretary; Michael Tramutolo, treasurer, and P at ricia June, corresponding secretary.

Arrangements for the election had lieen made by CSEA chapter headquarters, with the aid of chapter president Ii-ving Plaumenbaum and administr at ive assistant Edward Logan. A mail ballot among all members was supervised by chapter headquarters. The new officers are to meet with Flaumenbaum and Logan shortly to map the unit program.

To clear up the confusion, Mother Marie reports th at the wedding band wound up in the collection, taken several weeks ago at the St at e Campus by the Sisters. The head nun believes th at a male employee mistakenly dropped the band into the collection. To make amends with his wife, the owner is asked to contacts Mother Marie, Little Sisters of the Poor, Central Avenue, Albany , or call her at You will all be paid back for your loyalty and your support.

From right, they are: president Nicholas Puzziferri, first vice-president Leader photos by Ted Kaplan Former Conference president Nellie Davis was presented with gift by incumbent president Puzziferri in recognition of her services to the Conference. Heads of five county deleg at ions put their heads together to go over plans to increase local government units' particip at ion in the Conference.

Art Rosen of the Metropolitan Diagnostic Institute spoke on the Institute's annual health checkup plan. Sugi:ests Health Week Civil service employees and their families can get these examin at ions free under some health insurance plans and by paying not-too-large sums of money under other plans, he said. Rosen suggested th at each CSEA chapter could hold a Pamiiy Health Week and get chartered buses to take members and their families to the diagnostic centers.

At the install at ion, Luposello noted the number of hours put in for the CSEA and the hard work performed by the outgoing officers. He said he felt sure the new officers would pick up the challenge of leadership. Nellie Davis, a past president of the Southern Conference, was presented with a gift in behalf of the Conference by Puzziferri.

The hosinital chapter was host for the luncheon given before the meeting. Field represent at ive John Deyo was master of ceremonies. Linda L Samuelson. Please print your nanie, address, place of employment and employee item number in the spaces provided on the coupon below.

Joseph Cohen, David H Wolff. Raymond E Birstler. Salv at ore Ammir at i. Shirley Kler. Evelyn Mandel, Miriam L Welskoff. Ohlrendra P at el. Arthur Gendelman. Nairn L Mlchaii. Military Academy at West Point. Persons hired will be required to work rot at ing shifts, including S at urday and Sunday.

These benefits Include room and board iJrivileges at reduced cost at the Academy. Special civilian dormitories house West Point employees, and they receive meals similar to those served cadets. Food service aides will not need a specific amount of experience In th at field. The criteria for r at ing applicants will Include: reliability and dependability; ability to handle weights; following oral directions; dexterity and safety; motiv at ion and readiness to do simple work.

No deadline exists for these Jobs. Interested persons should write: W. Because it protects you and your family with tomorrow's medical care today Enjoy a comfortable room with river view, moder at e-priced coffee shop, fine dining at the Compass Points Restaurant. And a rooftop swimming pool in summer. Truly a special place to stay,, at very special savings for government employees.

Appointment is based entirely on a physical, planned tent at ively for mid-August. The physical involves the lifting of dumbbells and dexterity Involving the picking up of pins. Medical qualific at ions are outlined in Exam Notice No. Hearing aids may be used. See "Where to Apply" on page 15 for follow-through details. Program Speclalhts The City Civil Service Commission last week approved a resolution to classify the title of program specialist Correction in the Competitive Class, Rule XI, in the program research analyst occup at ional group.

The Department of Personnel reports th at the eligible list for promotion to Lieutenant, New York City Fire Department, should be ready "in a few weeks. The previous eligible list expired in February, leaving the Department with no Lieutenant list until the list from Exam is established.

Because of many appointments made before the termin at ion ol Supv. Both are subject to an Aug. Senior phone oper at ors must had three years either in phone plant construction and oper at ion or telephone commercial or traffic oper at ion.

A s at isfactoiT equivalent combin at ion may s at isfy the requirement. Communic at ions service supervisor entrants will need eight years of relevant experience in a plant or traffic functions of a telephone oper at ion. Half of th at period should have been in a supervisory role.

College training in a technical field may be substituted for a portion of the experience. Announcement No. Both these titles require candid at es to take a written test in mid-September. Subject m at ter will include the oper at ion and maintenance of phone equipment; methods of testing equipment and circuits; conducting inspections; interpret at ion of the Public Service Law and the regul at ions of the PSC.

Job duties deal generally with Investig at ing findings. Page 15 of The Leader outcomplaints and analyzing the lines steps for applying. Factory showroom loc at ed in New York. Captain P. City Clerk GS. Jobs Computer Programmer Const.

Exam Fingerprint Technician Fireman, P. Hreman in all St at e O. Jobs H. Entrance Examin at ions Homestudy Conrse for C. Fire Dept. Police Dept. Attendant St at ionary Eng. New York, N. If you want to know wh at 's happening to you to your chances of promotion to your job to your next raise and similar m at ters! Here Is the newspaper th at tells you abput wh at U happening in civil service, wh at Is happening to the Job you hare and the Job you want.

Make sure you don't miss a single Issue. Enter your subscription now. Continued Next Week 8 July Titles Continued from Page 5 Bachelor's degree plus choice or 18 rel at ed college credits or six months of rel at ed professional experience. Ail of the above titles use an evalu at ion of training and experience as the basis of r at ing. However, written exams will also be held for assistant plans examiner, and engineering tecimician trainees; physicals for boiler inspector; laundry worker; purchase inspector, and recre at ion director openings.

April 19, '72 1 Gleason E Confers Your ship will not come in until after you send it out. Bklyn, Manh. No customer resistance, labor, tech knowl or inventory. Job staru after summer. Call: BO Federal, St at e, County, City. Box L. Cambria Hgts. Newly decor. Finishable bsmt, gar. Garden grnds. Priced for quick sale. Move-in condition. Near all conveniences. Loads of extras included. Excellent mortgage terms arranged.

RE House for Sale. Phone Ovid. Priced to sell. Attractive building mortgages available. Low down payment. We welcome your visit. Write for free brochure: Dept. C, Edgewood Lakes, Livingston Manor. SEE H. Complete recre at ion program. Contacf F. Com pletely decor at ed outside and in! Living room, dining room, e at -in kitchen.

Beautiful top-notch loc at ion. Only minutes to subway. Low down paymetu can be arranged. Ask for Mr. Est at e advised us to sell. Most of the furniture will be left. Completely detached and in a top-notch, residential area. Near all schools and houses of worship. Low down payment can be arranged for everyone. Arfc for Mr. P at io, porch, wall to wall carpeting, dishwasher, air-conditioned plus rentable 3 room unit. Ask for Mr, Rogers. You do not need to spend a dollar for improvements, it has everything.

Daniel Haley, Waddington, as "something out of the dark ages" compared to wh at is being done in California and other countries. The assemblyman made his remarks in an address before the St. He asserted th at the California legisl at ure is "trying to make a democr at ic system work," adding th at "all too often in our st at e today a small oligarchy of leadei's and over-powerful committee chairmen prefer bo leave aside difficult issues, and, all too often, the bills which are not brought up for consider at ion in the New York St at e legisl at ure are more significant than those th at are.

Baclu its role as a co-equal third of the st at e government, and another legisl at ure which, in New York, rushes blindly through hundreds of mostly insignificant bills and then closes with two thirds of the year to go and at least two thirds of the problems of the st at e left unsolved.

Darnel Haley, guest speaker. Clark, Sr. It should include the d at e, time, place, address and city for the function. July 7—Super Sign-Up Membership prize drawing. Oneida Lake. Syracuse Country House, Syracuse. Clark Sr. Clark said the decision was a victory for CSEA, which had brought action against the clause th at forbids members to leave Council 82 while a contract is in effect.

Council 82, with a membership of about , represents 1, blue-collar eiiiployees in Ede County. Ask Waiver For Flood Victims Continued from Pace 3 socl at lon has approved a don at ion th at will go to the "flood disaster Fund" of the American Red Cross to aid flood victims and will call on Its chapters and individual members across the St at e to contribute to the Fund. We must open up our hearts and help these people.

The union leader said th at most of the victims lost their homes, but there are also those things in the home which must be replaced, "and they are many. Kane charged "bad faith negoti at ions" on the part of the School Board and said th at medi at ion had only "worsened" the situ at ion. I feel tho scliool has not made any effort to reach accord. It seems as If tixe School Board couldn't care less about the non-teaching employees at W at erville. Office, maintenance, kitciien and transport at ion employees are covered by the pact.

The CSEA unit r at ified the contract last month. The contract covers two ymn. May 26, '72 1 Newman R Brentwood May 25, '72 1 C. May 8. There will be three drawings. The sooner you get your names in-the more chances you'll have to win. The Monte Carlo will be given away at the final drawing. Thus if a person signs up 10 members—he has 10 chances to win a jackpot prize.

One each month. All names received in time for the first drawing will be carried over to the second drawing. It is so easy to read, or hear from a source that has no facts, but infact, only writes and tells of tales that is easy to digest and repeat. See and hear what is going on in the presence! There are those who have absolutely no respect for human life It's so easy to believe what is fed to us, rather than the truth You own the media. You gag opposition. You deny holocaust deniers the right to present evidence in court because it would deprive you parasites of money and status as the world's professional victims.

You disgust me. You have permission to publish my name ONLY along with this comment in full. This fungus must be removed and cleansed. Too much darkness roams the internet. Frank Weltner and all other Nazi scum and national alliance morons - you idiots had your pathetic ideology crushed over 60 years ago, stop inbreeding and go back under your rocks, or double-wides, to die while the rest of the world continues to evolve. Half of my mother's and father's families were murdered during the Holocaust.

As a secular, non-practising jew I am appalled and saddened that this hatred and falsehoods are being promoted via Google. Please remove this site! Although, his views are highly misguided to say the least. Is this the freedom we have fought to protect?

The man belongs in the Gaza heartland. Hate speech must be recognized and called what it is, and must not be permitted to flourish unchecked! This is absolutely horrible. The creator of Jew watch is absolutely anti-Semitic and the website should be deleted. This person is a virulent anti-Semite. His words are not free speech, they are words of a Nazi hate monger. The website is blatantly racist and promotes lies that encourage a continuation of anti-semetism. I would like to believe that it was mindless on Google's part but the only way to know is for them to correct it.

This site is nothing more than a front for an organized hate group. This moron, Mr. Weltner uses this site as a thinly vailed excuse to promote hate and discourse through absured twisted distortion of truths. Let's make a deal. The latter two are Jewish hate organizations. Jews always seem to define "hate" in ways that benefit their own interests. Why is it that the jew is never the "hater", it's always some other group instead.

Its sick filth and fiction masquerading as historical fact. Ban these peddlars of hate from the internet. The Jew has always been very clever in using his alledged "victim" status to extort vast sums of money from third parties. JEWS, we see through your facade now I can't believe it. One only has to think of that brave tutor who survived the holocaust and then tried to protect his pupils by using himself as a shield against the door.

This was only within the last 48 hours. Jewish people have a proud record of how they have conducted their lives. Attention Jews: Instead of calling those who dislike you "Antisemites", it would be better that you look inward at your own souls and see the repubnant and slimy character that resides within each of yourselves.

That quality which repulses the entire world. In a world increasingly consumed by the effects of hatred, it is time to stand up against anti-Semitism in all its forms. I insist this should be removed rather than depict Jews in this manner making it acceptable to allow antisemitism to grow.

What will you radical ashkenazi jews think up next? More "hate" crimes legislation? The Jew is the cancer and the ultimate destroyer of western civilization. We must ban jewwatch now!!! Those hideous Goyim must never know the truth about their masters!!

We use our "Holacaust" racket to make money off of all the wealthy western nations. We are the Zionist masters Has anyone noticed that the majority of those signing this petition are jews?? Why feel threatened by the presence of jewwatch. It is an archive of articles. Read the material and make up your own mind, don't let the zionist hacks do it for you!!! How else would we expect individuals propagandized by a jewish owned media and educated in our radicalized jewish dominated public education system to react.

Do jews really believe that they can silence any individual or idea just because it is critical of them. It's just fine for radical zionist organizations like the ADL and others to call groups that disagree with them "hate organizations", as if they are the sole arbiturs of what "hate" is???? Why does Sumner still have a job?? Well, he's a JEW. That's why. It appears that Google participates in anti semetic business practices overseas as well as in the US.

So for them to condone this filthy website makes perfect sense It is Google who should be boycotted. I'm proud of my religion and everything it stands for, This 'glitch' on google needs to be handled!! In Pakistan we truly believe that Jews are very nice, educated and successful people and instead of being jealous one should learn from them. Google should remove this site as it will hurt jews who have already suffered enough.

We Pakistanis always considered Jews our Couisons and hope that we have nice relations with Isreal in Future. Because I am a German citizen I am very concerned about hatred of any people. Except Germans of course,you can hate them all you want. If you dare take it down or out of an indexing service, I will mirror it and re-establsh it.

Just because someone has something with some fact, logic and common sense behind it that defeats the stereotype that Jews are perfect, harmless, innocent angels does not mean it should be annihalted. Anti-Semetism is great, there ought to be alot more of it. You deserve to be exposed for things you have done. Put it this way, if this was an anit-islam site, you jews would all rush to defend and promote it. Just like the Nazis were back in the day. Great going hypocrites.

Jew Watch is dangerous in that, at first glance, it masquerades as non-anti-Semitic. But, a few clicks in it becomes clear. It could be a dangerous influence and does not deserve the publicity that Google gives it. It is really sad for a company that large, supposedly known for their "good" image. For anyone who thinks that removing the site in question from existence should wake the f Antisemitism shouldn't exist anywhere— whether online or anywhere in the world.

It's , haven't we learned? Apparently not. I'm 17 years old, I'm from Brazil, and I think racial hate will eventually destroy the world! So, let's stop it! This website is repulsive. It is an abuse of free speech and should not ever be ranked highly in searches for "Jew". Sites like this breed anti-semitism and add to a relentless anti-Jewish culture that curses the world. A myriad of unsubstantiated, false material that is undeniably rooted in anti-semitism, and not the search for historical truth.

I stand amazed at the ability of the human race to stare so intently at countless facts, figures, testimonials, historical archives and existing architecture, and still deny the abundantly prevalent truth. Frankly, many of you are probably not really aware that the "Holocaust" never happened.

Your own leaders want you to think it happened, because this is what has lead to the formation of Isreal. Be thankful that it never did happen, because many people think you deserved to be gassed. Personally I don't care one way or another. No, I don't like jews. I think you people are feeble minded. The average IQ of a person in Isreal is only 90 compared to in Germany.

If you people are removed from European society, techonology and innovation will increase 10 fold. I think the Negroes from America should be deported to Isreal and you can intermarry them. That would be ideal. I can easily imagine the paranoid racist types running it! There will always be some people that want to blame the Jews for everything. To them the truth is an alien concept and all they have is fear and hate. It must suck to be them. JewWatch is not only a stupid old fashioned racist idea, its misleading.

Google should pull the plug on these morons just as a public service. I've seen this guy's posts on the neo-nazi board stormefront, he's a racist and anti-semite. This site should not be the first hit under the search for 'Jew". Even though on the website it says it is not a "hate site", there is no doubt that it was done by antisemitic, if not nazi groups My neighbor is a Survivor of the Camps.

When I see the numbers on his arm, I can only hope that no one man woman or child, will ever have to go through the kind of living hell, he went through. Please remove this and help to stop the spread of Evil and Hate! Its better anyway. Being an Israeli-american Jew, not only is this website offensive to all us Jews in the world, but people who promote such ridiculous, cruel anti-Semitic messages should not be allowed to freely express their opinion in such a nasty, cold manner!

MC Afee checks sites for viruses and spam e-mails why google would not work with them for content too? I don't know what all the fuss is about. The 1st amendment protects sites such as these. We as Americans should protect every person's right to voice their opinion, whether we like that opinion or not.

Everyone get a clue and leave this man to voice his opinion. The guy below me seems to have conveniently forgotten who smashed airliners into buildings and blows up innocent civilians including women and children on buses and trains. But I suppose all Muslims are such peaceful people and they didn't really do it so must all be lies made up by those evil hateful Jewish conspirators. He also seems to have forgotten who it was that kidnapped the Israeli soldiers in this latest Iraeli- Palestinian skirmish.

Start removing jews from Lebanon and Palestine then start to talk about the nice site Jew watch! Why should they remove this site? When something about is truth, that site should be removed immediately? I don't know why the people of the Jewish community are becomes immediately arrogant, when something have been revealed about the fabricated past, what they've created. They're creating lies, that site reveals the truth.

I vote to keep that site on Google. I am not Jewish or a member of any ethnic or racial minority and I personally abhor hateful racists and I am proud to sign your well intended petition. They all hide behind a lot of conveniently twisted so-called "facts" to sell their demented messages to the naive and foolish who seem incapable of independent thought.

I sincerly hope most people are as offended by these kind of uneducated liars and lunatics as I am and will work hard to oppose and defeat them and their warped ideology! Google thinks it's ok to censor information to freedom-seeking Chinese, and to remove sites from their search engine at the behest of the Scientologist cult.

But they don't seem to have any problem with out-and-out anti-semitism. Remove this bigot organization from the Google search engine and go the extra mile and and shut it down! In the hierarchy of principles, principles of proffesionalism fall second to those of Peace, and the elimination of hate.

Keep fighting the good fight. Remember not to fall into the trap of denying or negating the First Amendment. Let's get this straight: Jews s--k. F--k 'em all. They don't need that patch of earth as, apparently, the U. Oh, and heads-up: The biggest cause of antisemitism is the Jewish population itself.

Think I'm going a bit overboard? Walk a mile in my shoes and witness my experiences with American Jews and then ask me why I hate them. Regarding the post below, you don't have to go back to Moses' time to find Jewish rapists, just find your local f--king mohel - there's a Jewish-Rabbi-c--k-s--ker who will show you how to rape a baby while other Jews watch.

Shalom, a--holes! This really should be removed as it is a hate site and it most likly has to do with jealousy of the Jewish accomplishments and the fact that they are Gods chosen people. Many are called ,few are chosen. Will it be removed? Jew watch is an antisemitic site promoting hate, harm and abuse of jews- the information is not even accurate , google has responsibility and obligation to remove it in the same way as child pornography is condemned.

It pains me to know that the first site that comes up when a curious individual searches 'jew' in google is such an anti-semetic site. It really is upsetting. Racism is offensive, obscene, divisive, destructive, and ultimately, history shows, crumbles under the weight of its own ignorance. A disgrace! Is this freedom or the abuse of freedom?

Ignoring moral issues puts all of us at risk. Google has a policy of black-listing sites that have employed deceitful means of inflating page rankings. As the site JewWatch employed a 'Google Bomb' to artificially inflate it's page rankings, Goolgle should black list the site simply to remain consistent with its own policies. This is a shameful falsification that purports to be a library of truth, which - when read by those who are unknowledgable - will invoke an anti-Semitic reaction similar to that which caused the Holocaust, the Pogroms and the Inquisition.

It is shameful that Google should be linked and seemingly encourage such activity. This is a disgrace. Jew watch is a vile and disgusting anti-semetic site, and should be taken down. It's full of despicable lies and misinformation, and that site just makes me want to throw up. Google is the best and fastest search engine but I am not even thinking about using it again until WWW. COM is removed from our lives. I'm extremely disgusted with the jewwatch site.

Im also a republican. Racism should be illegal in the states, as it already is in Australia. The site ,interestinlgy, cannot accomplish much because the Civil Rights act of states"Every person who under color of any statute, ordinance, regulation, custom, or usage, of any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, subjects, or causes to be subjected, any citizen of the United States or other person within the jurisdiction thereof to the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution and laws, shall be liable to the party injured in an action at law.

I'm going to sign your stupid petition because I'm positive that it will amount to nothing in the end. Jew Watch's first amendment rights will continue to be respected and the site will remain online for as long as Mr Weltner wishes.

There is nothing you can do to curb freedom of speech Disgraceful and distasteful. I would expect better from Sergey Brin, common man your jewish Anti-Semitism is a plague on society, this website only perpetuates stereotypes that hinder on our progress towards a more tolerant society. Should evil be condoned? Should freedom preempt justice?

There are limits, like the highway code. Hatred is an expression that despises freedon, using it until it can surplant it. Google, please get rid of JewWatch. The people who hate Jews hate all people and sites such as this incite violence. I can't understand why Google still allow such a hateful and antisemitic site to be the first result when I search for "jew".

I would expect that I would get better search results than that. Please remove that useless and trashy hate-site. We live in a civilised, tolerant society. Google should be ashamed, this is a humanitarian issue, not some garbage about law and legal responsibility. I will no longer use Google if you do not remove this site, and I will tell others to boycott as well. Fascism and the radical right suck and I strongly oppose everything these viscious, evil, unpatriotic, ignorant red neck scumbag terrorists stand for.

The hate groups that find audience online need to be banned and put out of existence as the domestic terrorist organizations they really are. I defend freedom of speech and oppose sensorship, but I will happily make an exception when it comes to these often violent and always backwards pockets of dangerous retards.

They ought to be shunned and shut out of normal communications channels, especially the world wide web! I fully agree. Remove this useless listing and others like it. Free speech is a great thing, but it must have some reasonable limits. You can't shout FIRE in a crowded theater, for very good reasons! Google is a great search engine but this sort of thing may damage their reputation. Are coddling these hate groups worth it to the folks that run Google?

Time will tell. I am not Jewish personally but I have known many nice people who were and a few of my friends are and I am strongly opposed to these vicious hate groups always posing a threat to the rest of society. These kinds of losers are almost always uneducated, regressive gun nut types and have criminal backgrounds anyway.

Bitter hatefilled people that want to blame everyone else for their own mistakes and the worlds problems on one group are a familiar old refrain throughout human history. If these Jewatch wackos act on their hate and commit crimes at least we can put them behind bars on domestic terrorism charges!

Its a waste of time to worry about the jews. Always the scape-goats for the criminal acts of others. The tired old game of blame the jews for everything to cover your own misdeeds is not going to cut it in the 21st century. Its the insane right-wing extremist Republicans we need to be watching closely, there is our real enemy! I expected more from Google which is usually a great search engine. Why make it easier for the far right to promote hate and fascism? Children are using Google almost uniquely these days; why do you want to expose them to such propagandistic filth by default?!

I'mcurrently writing a paper with the thesis, "Websites promoting anti-semitism should be banned. This is a very discrimanatory site against the jews. Please remove it, as many can see it is a big waste of time and space. I must congratulate google for not removing the site despite this disgusting censorship campaign. I am neither anti-Semite nor have any connection to JewsWatch site, but I am disgusted by these losers who want to censor unpopular opinions.

Well done google. Keep the site and free speech. Dear Google, when you turn a blind eye to this problem, you are no better than the millions of others who turn a blind eye and then express surprise at the increase in anti-semitism worldwide and the consequences of that senseless hatred.

Oy Vey! Somebody get rid of Jewwatch before the stupid Goyim wake up and realize what we've been up to! Thanks for this "petition". I never even heard of "Jewwatch" before this. Some very good and interesting facts on that site.

I would suggest finding a method of de-optimizing the website so it doesn'T show up first when a search is done on Google. I am disappointed in Google's apparent dragging its corporate feet and being unwilling to remove this offensive site. Since the USA is supposed to be fighting both domestic and international terrorism, why hasn't the Department of Homeland Security also done anything to help change this?

Perhaps I have become a cynic, but one has to wonder how is Google benefitting from NOT removing it already JewWatch is contrary to every facet of a democracy, which we can ill afford to support at any time, especially now. I feel as a jew it is very important we remove this antisemitic harmful site from the search engine. COM We should be glad to have someone provide this truthful service to us, so we can see what others see and change our ways.

Thank you for this service. It is abhoring to condone hate spreading website in the name of free speech! If the site is not removed from Google, myself, my family, my friends and my business associates will stop using Google! It is a shame that humanity has to lower itself to such degrees. Please remove this sick site. We don't need more hateful people. It is contrary to your objective of supplying true and honest services to have a hate-mail site on your website. It would be in everyone's best interest for you to remove it.

The site has a hostile presentation of pseudo-facts about jews. Most afirmations are not verifiable. They have the right to freedom of speach and press. By all you cry baby's whinning about this your just helping to hasten the eventually removal of all our rights. You can show some back-bone and not look. Please do not remove this informative site. If you don't like the site, nobody is forcing you to visit the site.

Although it is true that this site is among the worst anti Jewish sites, Google sees it as proper to list it as number one when Jew is typed into their search engine. Therefore, Google must be run by anti Jewish people. How dare you, in , post this as your top website for "jew" on your search engine? Google certainly has a First Amendment right to post the site, but it should not be listed as the first item out of thousands. Blaming this action on a "random" computer is a lame excuse.

The positioning of this notoriously anti semitic site as first response to "Jew" is outrageous and indecent for a company with the reputation and influence of Google. How can you let appear on your website that Itshak Rabin was a terrorist. Like others are hunting for revisionistics site etc Please don't become this kind of things. Let's take hate out of America and show the love of God to all people.

Let's be a people united in the Spirit of Christ. I think it's something important It is your responsibility to monitor offensive material such as this, as you would for porn or other racist or hate messages. The whole world is a chaotic mess of hatreds and power struggles; it's time to stop feeding them. Just because something is legal doesn't mean it should be done! Thank you to the originators of this petition! For the last time: Google does not host this site!

Boy, some of you people are ignorant as to how the Internet works! How stupid ARE you people?! Holy crap! Do you think that a corporation as large as google would risk being that anti-semetic??? In fact, by linking to that website so many times, you are making it more and more likely to be the first hit on google. Does anyone know where to find that porno movie starring Barbra Streisand?

Man can she suck a cock! No wonder her James Brolin married her. If I could find a nice Jewish girl that sucked cock like that I might be tempted to overlook the fact that she had an ugly horse-face for her ability to suck cock! I'll bet she takes it in the ass as well. I go on google every day and if you do not remove this site from the first page then i will tell everyone not to use it anymore because google is anti-semetic. I don't need to agree with what is on "Jewatch. Three more today.

This petition shows the often violent reaction of the Jewish people when they are criticized. The intensity of the hatred on this website is dangerously high against Jews, people of color, immigrants and homosexuals. This is not what America needs in these difficult times. This type of rhetoric should not be permitted the exposure it receives at Google. There is also a moral and ethic basis for decisions, in addition to legal ones. Do the right thing and eliminate this website.

Why Google should wait for a petition in order to remove this site? Google should not allow to enter this site at all. This shows Google's failure. The 'Jew Watch' issue sure has touched a nerve among the Jewish community. These vehement criticisms of a website that is protected by the First Amendment reveal an ugly side of the Jewish character: suppress all criticism of Jews and call everything and everyone you don't agree with 'anti-semitic.

It is a very sad day that this continues to be a problem in the USA after so much suffering in so many other places. I am truly disappointed with Google, but do understand their position. I want to remove this site because it is very humillating for the jews and also, because we are a religion like anyone.

You have corporate as well as moral responsibility to teach tolerance and scorn the spread of hatred. Accept it. I don't think this site should be the first, or the third or the fiftieth site that pops up on a search for "Jew. It's not enough to just "push it down the list". Google needs to re-evaluate how it determines what comes up when a search is performed! I agree. Censoring any website is unacceptable to any liberal thinker, and dangerous to civil liberties.

Google rise above allowing this to be presented on their site. Beneath google and beneath contempt. If you must be all-inclusive, this site should be dead last--with caveats and disclaimers from google--but certainly not anywhere near the top. Please act quickly to remedy the dreadful--and threateningly incendiary--situation. To demand the signing of a petition to remove such an outrageous site is beneath contempt.

Google is neither the only search engine or email around. Those of us who sign the petition should not be using it. I do defend our first amendment rights BUT our zeal to be politically correct has made us a nation of apologists. I take exception to sites that incite hatred and violence from ANY individual, group or group of individuals.

Accepting it is is endorsing its message. Its discraceful to see a constant need for people to insight anti-semitism. This is so important. I am surprised google wouldn't want to protect their reputation and do this without the signatures. I can't believe such a reputable search engine would do this. And you want people to buy your stock I don't think so. It is on the Internet! Google is like a map. All it does is show you that something exists.

It is disgraceful that such a worldwide leader would stoop so low as to place a prominent and well known anti-semitic site at the top of its results. I am sickened by the increasing toleration of anti-semitism in our society and concerned for the security of our children. Freedom of speech is the right to freely say what you please, as well as the related right to hear what others have stated. Freedom of speech is often regarded as an integral concept in modern democracies, where it is understood to outlaw government censorship.

People were once killed or jailed for claiming the earth was round. It is important for people to be able to voice dissenting views, no matter how un-popular. Freedom of speech does NOT mean you should be able to put hateful and ignorant comments born of prejudice out there for the world to see. Why do people have to be so unthinking? You people should educate yourselves so that you understand that Google does not host, sponsor or provide Internet access to Jew Watch. Google only shows the sites that are available on the Internet.

This is the same as the printer of a map would do in the case of showing you where cities are located. They have no control over which ones are the most popular. If you do not like a site, then do not go to it! I am revolted by the content of this website and sincerely object to having my favorite search engine ouput such crass as number one serach result of any kind.

What are you trying to get with those hatefull attitude? God put us all on this earth and I feel HE knows best. I for one love all people including the Jew's. I think it's absolutely disgusting that Google should provide access to websites that contain the underlying meesgae to kill Jewish people. I wonder what all of you people say about the Israeli sniper who murdered a 3 year old Palestinian girl on the weekend by shooting her through the head while she was on the way to buy some candy?

I don't like any violent or prejudical sites regarding race ,creed , sexual orientation or religion. I hope more blacks like me sign this petition. How is it possible that when you search for information you get antisemeticsides at the top!! And that in!!! Please remove this offensive site. It contains material not fit for Google to be associated with. This is the worst kind of anti-semitism and the keepers of this site deserve no recognition for their disgusting content. This site is a disgrace and, if not eliminated, I will no longer use Google as my search engine.

I can only hope it was someone's oversight. Any group that discriminates against another such as JewWatch. This site is clearly promoting hatred of jews,by providing easy access to "jewish hate groups" for example. It would be the responsible thing to do if Google were to remove "Jewwatch". For the sake of what is right, take the site off.

You're the number one search engine and can afford to hold the moral highground. I read Google's weak apology and intend to boycott them until the offensive site is reduced to cyberspace. Now it's google's turn. I believe the endorsement implied by googles recognizing this as the number one site visited on the web for information about jews is a false application of the counting system as many of the hits giving this site its ranking are a measure of jewish people themselves reading this hate slanted material I do not necessarily fault google that "visitation" is the measurement system however the fact that this system is the means by which this site has achieved this recogniotion is an unfortunately slanted circumstance.

I think is an antisemitism from the person who made such a horrorific page. And we have to fight about this. As a regular user of Google I find it deplorable that the first site or even the first page of sites appearing under the heading jew would be anti semetic. I have used google to help my son find information for school studies.

I have searched under muslim and the first site on google is not anti muslim. I would expect that you would want to rectify this issue without requiring signatures. It is rather absurd. However if that is what it will take here is my signature.. It seems there is people insane enough as to think they are the re-encarnation of the "holy inquisition". Websites must not be allowed to foment hatred of any distinct group of people or of individuals.

The Torah a guide for humanity? What B. This is what the Torah says: Abhodah Zarah 22a it says: "A Jew must not associate himself with gentiles because they are given to the shedding of blood. Kethuboth 3b it says: "The seed of a Goi is worth the same as that of a beast. At least eight Palestinians, many of them children, were killed by Israeli fire Wednesday as they demonstrated against the military operation.

Maybe somebody needs to reconsider the Torah as the "guide for humanity", as well as the "humanism", Judaism represents. The Torah is seen as a guide for humanity. Judaism represents humanism, inclusive of all diversity, embracing of all humanity. The word must be spread loud and clear that Judaism strives to promote working and caring together to provide a good life for all, inclusive of differences.

Attacks must stop so that this peace can take hold. The perverse, evil and twisted designs of hate mongers, and the memetic ideas of their ignorant and confused followers, are unbelievable. It is the Jewish experience that will become the lesson for all the world as how to live together, caring for one another in peace on this earth.

As trite as it sounds, people must rally to fight the good fight. Why do Jews want to say racist and bigoted things about anyone who is not Jewish, but they start petitions for censorship as soon as anyone says something that they do not like. You certainly are not going to reduce anti-Semitism when you have a double standard like that!

In memory of all People who were slaughtered by Jewish people and their proxies, for thousands of years. Jews apparently don't even consider their victims human. In memory of all Jewish People who were slautered for thousand of years by others who are not allowed to be called humans.

I think that having this sight on the search engine is unthinkable, racist and sadistic. These people put a bad name towards human life and dignity. RemoveJewWatch is censorship. Why the hell is it that Jews can't ALLOW something negative to be said about them, whether it's true or not when there are tons of sites on the web defaming everybody else?

This does not surprise me Disgusting actions from mindless fools. This is not freedom of speech.. It is yelling fire in a theater.. People who are little in mind and self respect are the same ones that hate the most. I pity you.. It is not your fault that you were born so ignorant.

After all that inbreeding , it is not enirely your fault. Just sit back and watch Jerry Springer and eventually you will see one of your relatives as one of the guests. Has anyone read the Talmud? In Abhodah Zarah 22a it says: "A Jew must not associate himself with gentiles because they are given to the shedding of blood. Because they eat abominable things and animals that crawl on their belly.

Anti-semitism is long from dead, and with websites like that one that just speards hatred no wonder. Please use this opportunity to reduce hatred and racism in our world. You have the power - please use it wisely. Just saw the Israeli's murdering un-armed Palestinians, in Gaza, including 2 children who were feeding pigeon's.

This was on ABC News. What's next call ABC anti-semites? Are Jews going to start a petition to censor them also? Instead of working so hard to HIDE the truth, why not stop commiting atrocities? Why do you guys want to remove a site afraid of criticsm? Do you want to see bigotry?

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